HIV infection and tooth loss

Christopher Gerald Engeland, Paul Jang, Mario Alves, Phillip T. Marucha, Joseph Califano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between HIV infection and tooth loss. Based on periodontal reports, we hypothesize HIV+ patients experience greater tooth loss than systemically healthy patients. Study design: This was a retrospective cross-sectional chart study involving 193 HIV+ patients and 192 controls matched on age, race, gender, and smoking status. The relationships between tooth loss and age, race, gender, smoking, CD4+ cell count, and viral load were determined. This study used a 2-year follow-up/maintenance period and was conducted during the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Results: Tooth loss between groups was not significantly different at any time point: (1) before dental treatment; (2) after initial periodontal and restorative treatment; and (3) following a 2-year maintenance period. Age, race, and smoking were risk factors for tooth loss. Among HIV+ individuals, CD4+ cell count and viral load did not influence tooth loss. Conclusions: HIV infection, in the era of HAART, does not appear to be a risk factor for tooth loss. We also did not find any association between tooth loss and indices of HIV disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

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Tooth Loss
HIV Infections
HIV
Smoking
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Viral Load
Maintenance
Disease Progression
Tooth
Cross-Sectional Studies
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Engeland, Christopher Gerald ; Jang, Paul ; Alves, Mario ; Marucha, Phillip T. ; Califano, Joseph. / HIV infection and tooth loss. In: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology. 2008 ; Vol. 105, No. 3. pp. 321-326.
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HIV infection and tooth loss. / Engeland, Christopher Gerald; Jang, Paul; Alves, Mario; Marucha, Phillip T.; Califano, Joseph.

In: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, Vol. 105, No. 3, 01.03.2008, p. 321-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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