HIV Positive Women's Perceptions of Stigma in Health Care Settings in Western Cape, South Africa

Titilayo A. Okoror, Rhonda BeLue, Nomepumelelo Zungu, Adam Mohamed Adam, Collins O. Airhihenbuwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


We explored the cultural context of HIV positive women's perceptions of stigma in health care settings in Western Cape, South Africa. We conducted seven focus groups with women living with HIV/AIDS in Gugulethu and Khayelitsha. We used deductive/inductive approaches to identify themes. Fifty-one women participated, with ages ranging from 18 to 47. Using the PEN-3 model as a guide, we detected these emergent themes: expectation of care (perceptions), care delivery protocols (enablers), and physical environment (nurturers). We recommend that the cultural context in which care is delivered to women living with HIV/AIDS be considered in efforts to reduce and eliminate HIV/AIDS-related stigma in health care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-49
Number of pages23
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Professions(all)

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