Holocene vegetation dynamics in mediterranean iberia: Historical contingency and climate-human interactions

Graciela Gil-Romera, Josó S. Carrión, Sarah B. McClure, Steven Schmich, Clive Finlayson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper we illustrate how different internal and external forcings conditioned postglacial vegetation in southern Mediterranean areas. By comparing seven Holocene sequences, we emphasize the role of glacial refugia as postglacial vegetation dispersal centers. We also identify the importance of the system's inertia in the time lags observed for vegetation response to climate change and human pressure. Finally, we explore the cascade of effects triggered by the human-climate interface, specifically the vegetation and the environmental feedbacks implicated in the collapse of the Argaric culture that emerged in arid southeastern Spain about 4,000 years before the present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-285
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Anthropological Research
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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