Home renovation, family history of atopy, and respiratory symptoms and asthma among children living in China

Guang Hui Dong, Zhengmin Qian, Jing Wang, Edwin Trevathan, Miao Miao Liu, Da Wang, Wan Hui Ren, Weiqing Chen, Maayan Simckes, Alan Zelicoff

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the association of indoor air pollution with the respiratory health of children, we evaluated the associations of children's respiratory symptoms with asthma and recent home renovation.

Results: The effects of home renovation in the past 2 years were significantly associated with cough, phlegm, current wheeze, doctor-diagnosed asthma, and current asthma. The associations we computed when combining the status of home renovation and family history of atopy were higher than were those predicted from the combination of the separate effects. However, the interactions between home renovation and family history of atopy on a multiplicative scale were not statistically significant (P > .05).

Conclusions: Home renovation is associated with increases in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma in children. The effects of different renovation materials on child respiratory health should be studied further.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a school recruitment sample of 31 049 children aged 2 to 14 years in 25 districts of 7 cities of northeast China in 2008-2009. The children's parents completed standardized questionnaires characterizing the children's histories of respiratory symptoms and illness, recent home renovation information, and other associated risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1920-1927
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume104
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Dong, G. H., Qian, Z., Wang, J., Trevathan, E., Liu, M. M., Wang, D., Ren, W. H., Chen, W., Simckes, M., & Zelicoff, A. (2014). Home renovation, family history of atopy, and respiratory symptoms and asthma among children living in China. American journal of public health, 104(10), 1920-1927. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301438