Homogenization of harmonic maps with large number of vortices and applications in superconductivity and superfluidity

Leonid V. Berlyand, Evgenii Khruslov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study a nonlinear homogenization problem of harmonic maps which describes an ideal superconducting or an ideal superfluid medium with a large number of vortices and the degree conditions prescribed at the external insulating boundary. We derive the homogenized problem which describes the limiting behavior of the fluxes when the total number of vortices tends to infinity. The homogenized problem is described in terms of the effective vorticity and the effective anisotropy tensor. The calculation of this tensor amounts to solving a linear cell problem, which is well studied in the homogenization literature and can be solved by using existing numerical packages. The convergence of the fluxes is rigorously proved. We also discuss unusual features of the homogenized limit for the wave functions. The proofs are based on a variational approach which does not require periodicity and can be used in more general situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-256
Number of pages28
JournalAdvances in Differential Equations
Volume6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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