Hong Kong Higher Education, 1981-2001: Public policy and re-emergent social stratification

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

In this paper I first place the development of Hong Kong's higher education in the larger context of education and governance histories. Next I describe one of the deepest policy quandaries for Hong Kong's government in charting the futures of its higher education system: whether to view the ultimate benefits of higher education for individuals in terms of 'sponsored' versus 'contest' mobility. I then turn to evidence from HK census data about the changing distribution of opportunity for higher education. I discuss trends in educational stratification since 1981, focusing most attention on changes in the opportunity for post-secondary and, especially, for university education to the Bachelors' degree level. I discuss methods for the use of Hong Kong's 1981, 1991 and 2001 census, and I present bivariate and multivariate analysis of the changing impact of family cultural and material resources on the odds of continuing and attending education at the university level. From 1991 to 2001, census data suggest there was a reversal of a trend towards greater equality of opportunity that was observed between the 1981 and 1991 census. I conclude by relating the findings from these analyses to future higher education planning in Hong Kong.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-570
Number of pages26
JournalOxford Review of Education
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

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social stratification
Hong Kong
public policy
census
education
university education
bachelor
trend
multivariate analysis
education system
equality
governance
planning
university
history
resources
evidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

Cite this

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Hong Kong Higher Education, 1981-2001 : Public policy and re-emergent social stratification. / Post, David.

In: Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 29, No. 4, 01.12.2003, p. 545-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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