This study investigated hope as a mediator between children’s bullying involvement and emotional difficulties in a sample of 1,060 school-age children (Grades 3–6). Results from structural equation modeling suggested that victimization leads to emotional difficulties both directly and indirectly through hope. Perpetration was indirectly associated with emotional difficulties. Findings highlight the role of children’s cognitive-motivational process for emotional well-being in response to bullying involvement. Implications for counseling interventions are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Psychology