Horizontal slip along Alleghanian joints of the Appalachian plateau

Evidence showing that mild penetrative strain does little to change the pristine appearance of early joints

James Terry Engelder, Benjamin F. Haith, Amgad Younes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some Alleghanian joints in black shales of the Geneseo and Middlesex Formations of the Catskill Delta complex, Finger Lakes district, New York, slipped horizontally up to 8 cm. Horizontal slip is measured by the offset of ENE-striking joints. Alleghanian joints striking 330-350° display a right-lateral slip with an average value of 1.9 cm, while joints striking 004-010° slip in the left-lateral sense with an average value of 1.3 cm. The maximum horizontal stress (SH) driving this slip falls between 350° and 004°, the orientation of local Alleghanian layer-parallel shortening as indicated by both disjunctive and pencil cleavage. By commonality of orientation, we infer that slip on Alleghanian joints is driven contemporaneously with layer-parallel shortening. If so, the offset ENE-striking joints predate the Alleghanian stress field. These observations mean that both pre-Alleghanian and early Alleghanian joints persist through a period of penetrative strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-41
Number of pages11
JournalTectonophysics
Volume336
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2001

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Alleghanian
plateaus
slip
plateau
commonality
shales
lakes
stress distribution
cleavage
stress field
lake

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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title = "Horizontal slip along Alleghanian joints of the Appalachian plateau: Evidence showing that mild penetrative strain does little to change the pristine appearance of early joints",
abstract = "Some Alleghanian joints in black shales of the Geneseo and Middlesex Formations of the Catskill Delta complex, Finger Lakes district, New York, slipped horizontally up to 8 cm. Horizontal slip is measured by the offset of ENE-striking joints. Alleghanian joints striking 330-350° display a right-lateral slip with an average value of 1.9 cm, while joints striking 004-010° slip in the left-lateral sense with an average value of 1.3 cm. The maximum horizontal stress (SH) driving this slip falls between 350° and 004°, the orientation of local Alleghanian layer-parallel shortening as indicated by both disjunctive and pencil cleavage. By commonality of orientation, we infer that slip on Alleghanian joints is driven contemporaneously with layer-parallel shortening. If so, the offset ENE-striking joints predate the Alleghanian stress field. These observations mean that both pre-Alleghanian and early Alleghanian joints persist through a period of penetrative strain.",
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Horizontal slip along Alleghanian joints of the Appalachian plateau : Evidence showing that mild penetrative strain does little to change the pristine appearance of early joints. / Engelder, James Terry; Haith, Benjamin F.; Younes, Amgad.

In: Tectonophysics, Vol. 336, No. 1-4, 25.08.2001, p. 31-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Some Alleghanian joints in black shales of the Geneseo and Middlesex Formations of the Catskill Delta complex, Finger Lakes district, New York, slipped horizontally up to 8 cm. Horizontal slip is measured by the offset of ENE-striking joints. Alleghanian joints striking 330-350° display a right-lateral slip with an average value of 1.9 cm, while joints striking 004-010° slip in the left-lateral sense with an average value of 1.3 cm. The maximum horizontal stress (SH) driving this slip falls between 350° and 004°, the orientation of local Alleghanian layer-parallel shortening as indicated by both disjunctive and pencil cleavage. By commonality of orientation, we infer that slip on Alleghanian joints is driven contemporaneously with layer-parallel shortening. If so, the offset ENE-striking joints predate the Alleghanian stress field. These observations mean that both pre-Alleghanian and early Alleghanian joints persist through a period of penetrative strain.

AB - Some Alleghanian joints in black shales of the Geneseo and Middlesex Formations of the Catskill Delta complex, Finger Lakes district, New York, slipped horizontally up to 8 cm. Horizontal slip is measured by the offset of ENE-striking joints. Alleghanian joints striking 330-350° display a right-lateral slip with an average value of 1.9 cm, while joints striking 004-010° slip in the left-lateral sense with an average value of 1.3 cm. The maximum horizontal stress (SH) driving this slip falls between 350° and 004°, the orientation of local Alleghanian layer-parallel shortening as indicated by both disjunctive and pencil cleavage. By commonality of orientation, we infer that slip on Alleghanian joints is driven contemporaneously with layer-parallel shortening. If so, the offset ENE-striking joints predate the Alleghanian stress field. These observations mean that both pre-Alleghanian and early Alleghanian joints persist through a period of penetrative strain.

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