A newly developed method for assaying 2′,5′-oligoadenylate (2,5A) synthetase activity by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was applied to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from normal subjects, HIV-positive subjects, and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. Sex differences were observed in 2,5A synthetase activity of PBMC from normal young adults, males having eightfold higher activities of this enzyme than females. Moreover, compared to values for postmenopausal (PM) females receiving estrogen replacement, untreated PM females had higher activities. Collectively, these results suggest that estrogen downregulates 2,5A synthetase activity. Activities of 2,5A synthetase were investigated in two disease states associated with altered immune function. In one patient with AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma, interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy increased 2,5A synthetase activity twofold. In addition, combined therapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IFN-α increased 2,5A synthetase activities in eight of nine patients with RCC. Therefore, in patients receiving immunotherapy with IL-2 and IFN-α, our new assay could contribute to evaluation of immune stimulation. In general, studies in vitro confirmed these observations; however, exposure of PBMC from RCC patients revealed that in vitro IL-2 failed to induce this enzyme activity as it did in PBMC from normal volunteers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine