Hormone replacement and menopausal symptoms following hysterectomy

Patricia Langenberg, Kristen H. Kjerulff, Paul D. Stolley

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32 Scopus citations


Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is recommended for most women who experience surgical menopause following hysterectomy/oophorectomy for noncancerous conditions; it is also commonly prescribed for postmenopausal women. Beginning in 1992, 1,299 women undergoing hysterectomy in 28 hospitals throughout Maryland were interviewed prior to hysterectomy and were subsequently followed over a 2-year period. Interviews included questions about HRT use and symptoms associated with menopause. The majority of the women (66 percent) were white, 55 percent had a high school education or better, 49 percent were obese (body mass index ≤27.3), and 11 percent were postmenopausal. Over 40 percent of premenopausal women underwent bilateral oophorectomy. At 3 months posthysterectomy, 89 percent of these women were on HRT; this figure dropped to 85 percent at 24 months. Among postmenopausal women, 50 percent were on HRT both at 3 months and at 24 months posthysterectomy. Among premenopausal women who had unilateral oophorectomy, 21 percent were on HRT at 3 months, increasing to 35 percent at 24 months. Among premenopausal women who had no ovaries removed, 5 percent were on HRT at 3 months, increasing to 13 percent at 24 months. There were few within- group differences between HRT users and nonusers, except that among postmenopausal women, HRT users were younger and more likely to be white and had higher income and educational levels. Women who were postmenopausal or who underwent bilateral oophorectomy were less likely to have hot flashes if they were on HRT, but women with 0-1 ovary removed who were on HRT were more likely to have hot flashes than those not on HRT. Black women were significantly more likely to experience hot flashes than were white women, independent of HRT status and weight. Obese women were on HRT at approximately the same rates as nonobese women but were significantly more likely to have hot flashes, even when analyses controlled for HRT and race.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-880
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

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