Household migration and children's diet in Nepal: An exploratory study

Yubraj Acharya, Dirgha J. Ghimire, Prem Bhandari, Ramesh Ghimire, Andrew D. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Individuals from low-income countries often migrate abroad for employment. The association between such migration and investment in education as well as other societal and familial outcomes has previously been examined. However, we have a limited understanding of the association between migration and children's nutrition. We aim to determine the extent to which migration of household members influences children's diet in a semi-urban region of Nepal. Results: In our study setting, children in households with a migrant had higher dietary diversity scores, 0.69 on average, than their counterparts in households without a migrant. These children were approximately 43% points more likely to meet a minimum requirement for dietary diversity. These differences originated primarily from higher consumption of meat (41% points) and eggs (20% points). Approximately 37 percent of children in the sample consumed processed food during the 24 h preceding the survey. However, we found no evidence that migration was associated with the consumption of processed foods or with reduced frequency of breastfeeding. Our finding that migration is associated with higher consumption of meat and eggs is particularly encouraging, given that the protein deficiency in Nepal is estimated to be nearly 43 percent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number390
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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