How do humility prototypes affect the association between perceptions of spouse’s humility and depressive symptoms and couple conflict?

Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Gina M. Brelsford, Everett L. Worthington, Don E. Davis, Joshua N. Hook, Daryl R. Van Tongeren, Chelsea A. Reid, Rachel C. Garthe, Brandon J. Griffin, Camilla W. Nonterah, Athena H. Cairo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Relational humility (RH) is associated with positive outcomes (e.g., fewer depressive symptoms; less couple conflict). Traditional conceptualizations of RH rely on other-report measures, but do not account for how one’s perception of another’s humility relates to one’s RH prototype (i.e., one’s expectations of how humble others, such as a spouse, should be). The current study (N = 69 couples; mean age = 30.80 years; 71% white) analyzed the effect of RH prototypes on the association between participants’ perception of their spouse’s RH and their reports of depressive symptoms and couple conflict. RH prototype was tested as both a moderator and a mediator to these associations. Actor-partner independence moderation and mediation models indicated that RH prototype functions as a moderator in the association between perceived spousal RH and both depressive symptoms and couple conflict, wherein greater discrepancies between spousal RH and RH prototype was associated with more depressive symptoms and conflict.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-844
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Positive Psychology
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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    Winkeljohn Black, S., Brelsford, G. M., Worthington, E. L., Davis, D. E., Hook, J. N., Van Tongeren, D. R., Reid, C. A., Garthe, R. C., Griffin, B. J., Nonterah, C. W., & Cairo, A. H. (2019). How do humility prototypes affect the association between perceptions of spouse’s humility and depressive symptoms and couple conflict? Journal of Positive Psychology, 14(6), 836-844. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2019.1579360