How Does Mindfulness Reduce Anxiety, Depression, and Stress? An Exploratory Examination of Change Processes in Wait-List Controlled Mindfulness Meditation Training

Nicholas T. Van Dam, Andrea Hobkirk, Sean C. Sheppard, Rebecca Aviles-Andrews, Mitch Earleywine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The evidence base supporting mindfulness meditation training (MMT) as a potential intervention for anxiety, depression, and stress has grown dramatically in the last few decades. As MMT has grown in popularity, considerable variation has arisen in the way that mindfulness is conceptualized and in the trainings and interventions that have been included under this umbrella term. Increasing popularity has also raised concerns about how MMTs seem to have their effects. While previous studies have examined a wide variety of potential mechanisms, few studies have simultaneously examined these processes, potentially limiting conclusions about how MMTs might best be characterized as having their effects. The present study aimed to compare aspects of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotion regulation, ascertaining which was most predictive of changes in anxiety, depression, and stress among 58 participants, randomly assigned on a 2:1 basis to MMT training or wait-list in a pre-/post-assessment design. The results indicated that the facets of overidentification and self-judgment (components of self-compassion) were most robustly predictive of changes in outcome variables, though mindfulness and emotion regulation also contributed. The findings suggest that mindfulness, as a process, may be more complicated than some have given credit and that attention and emotional balance may be particularly important aspects related to its effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-588
Number of pages15
JournalMindfulness
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Fingerprint

Mindfulness
Meditation
meditation
Anxiety
Depression
anxiety
examination
popularity
emotion
Emotions
credit
evidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Van Dam, Nicholas T. ; Hobkirk, Andrea ; Sheppard, Sean C. ; Aviles-Andrews, Rebecca ; Earleywine, Mitch. / How Does Mindfulness Reduce Anxiety, Depression, and Stress? An Exploratory Examination of Change Processes in Wait-List Controlled Mindfulness Meditation Training. In: Mindfulness. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 574-588.
@article{d580d8569c7f4150addbc35e064a3dd2,
title = "How Does Mindfulness Reduce Anxiety, Depression, and Stress? An Exploratory Examination of Change Processes in Wait-List Controlled Mindfulness Meditation Training",
abstract = "The evidence base supporting mindfulness meditation training (MMT) as a potential intervention for anxiety, depression, and stress has grown dramatically in the last few decades. As MMT has grown in popularity, considerable variation has arisen in the way that mindfulness is conceptualized and in the trainings and interventions that have been included under this umbrella term. Increasing popularity has also raised concerns about how MMTs seem to have their effects. While previous studies have examined a wide variety of potential mechanisms, few studies have simultaneously examined these processes, potentially limiting conclusions about how MMTs might best be characterized as having their effects. The present study aimed to compare aspects of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotion regulation, ascertaining which was most predictive of changes in anxiety, depression, and stress among 58 participants, randomly assigned on a 2:1 basis to MMT training or wait-list in a pre-/post-assessment design. The results indicated that the facets of overidentification and self-judgment (components of self-compassion) were most robustly predictive of changes in outcome variables, though mindfulness and emotion regulation also contributed. The findings suggest that mindfulness, as a process, may be more complicated than some have given credit and that attention and emotional balance may be particularly important aspects related to its effects.",
author = "{Van Dam}, {Nicholas T.} and Andrea Hobkirk and Sheppard, {Sean C.} and Rebecca Aviles-Andrews and Mitch Earleywine",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12671-013-0229-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "574--588",
journal = "Mindfulness",
issn = "1868-8527",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "5",

}

How Does Mindfulness Reduce Anxiety, Depression, and Stress? An Exploratory Examination of Change Processes in Wait-List Controlled Mindfulness Meditation Training. / Van Dam, Nicholas T.; Hobkirk, Andrea; Sheppard, Sean C.; Aviles-Andrews, Rebecca; Earleywine, Mitch.

In: Mindfulness, Vol. 5, No. 5, 01.09.2014, p. 574-588.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Does Mindfulness Reduce Anxiety, Depression, and Stress? An Exploratory Examination of Change Processes in Wait-List Controlled Mindfulness Meditation Training

AU - Van Dam, Nicholas T.

AU - Hobkirk, Andrea

AU - Sheppard, Sean C.

AU - Aviles-Andrews, Rebecca

AU - Earleywine, Mitch

PY - 2014/9/1

Y1 - 2014/9/1

N2 - The evidence base supporting mindfulness meditation training (MMT) as a potential intervention for anxiety, depression, and stress has grown dramatically in the last few decades. As MMT has grown in popularity, considerable variation has arisen in the way that mindfulness is conceptualized and in the trainings and interventions that have been included under this umbrella term. Increasing popularity has also raised concerns about how MMTs seem to have their effects. While previous studies have examined a wide variety of potential mechanisms, few studies have simultaneously examined these processes, potentially limiting conclusions about how MMTs might best be characterized as having their effects. The present study aimed to compare aspects of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotion regulation, ascertaining which was most predictive of changes in anxiety, depression, and stress among 58 participants, randomly assigned on a 2:1 basis to MMT training or wait-list in a pre-/post-assessment design. The results indicated that the facets of overidentification and self-judgment (components of self-compassion) were most robustly predictive of changes in outcome variables, though mindfulness and emotion regulation also contributed. The findings suggest that mindfulness, as a process, may be more complicated than some have given credit and that attention and emotional balance may be particularly important aspects related to its effects.

AB - The evidence base supporting mindfulness meditation training (MMT) as a potential intervention for anxiety, depression, and stress has grown dramatically in the last few decades. As MMT has grown in popularity, considerable variation has arisen in the way that mindfulness is conceptualized and in the trainings and interventions that have been included under this umbrella term. Increasing popularity has also raised concerns about how MMTs seem to have their effects. While previous studies have examined a wide variety of potential mechanisms, few studies have simultaneously examined these processes, potentially limiting conclusions about how MMTs might best be characterized as having their effects. The present study aimed to compare aspects of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotion regulation, ascertaining which was most predictive of changes in anxiety, depression, and stress among 58 participants, randomly assigned on a 2:1 basis to MMT training or wait-list in a pre-/post-assessment design. The results indicated that the facets of overidentification and self-judgment (components of self-compassion) were most robustly predictive of changes in outcome variables, though mindfulness and emotion regulation also contributed. The findings suggest that mindfulness, as a process, may be more complicated than some have given credit and that attention and emotional balance may be particularly important aspects related to its effects.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84919912998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84919912998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12671-013-0229-3

DO - 10.1007/s12671-013-0229-3

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 574

EP - 588

JO - Mindfulness

JF - Mindfulness

SN - 1868-8527

IS - 5

ER -