How institutional and organizational characteristics explain the growth of contingent work in China

Xiangmin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

China's traditional model of long-term employment has been undermined by an increased reliance on nonrenewable fixed-term and temporary agency employment contracts. In this study, the author draws on survey data from 130 establishments and interviews of 48 key informants to explore the spread of contingent work. Results indicate that state-owned and unionized establishments are more likely to use contingent labor, and stringent and uncertain enforcement of labor regulations is positively associated with its use. The qualitative analysis presents managers' interpretations of these relationships. In the presence of weak labor institutions and poor enforcement, managers adopt contingent employment practices to retain the power to terminate employees at will, accrue benefits through regulatory arbitrage, and promote their own interests when handling conflicting intra-organizational demands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-397
Number of pages26
JournalIndustrial and Labor Relations Review
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Personnel
Managers
Enforcement
Institutional characteristics
Labor
Organizational characteristics
China
Contingent work
Employment practices
Contingent employment
Employees
Qualitative analysis
Regulatory arbitrage
Employment contracts
Labor regulation
Survey data

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

@article{15e9b23f52034f70907f3d7f63e6e4d7,
title = "How institutional and organizational characteristics explain the growth of contingent work in China",
abstract = "China's traditional model of long-term employment has been undermined by an increased reliance on nonrenewable fixed-term and temporary agency employment contracts. In this study, the author draws on survey data from 130 establishments and interviews of 48 key informants to explore the spread of contingent work. Results indicate that state-owned and unionized establishments are more likely to use contingent labor, and stringent and uncertain enforcement of labor regulations is positively associated with its use. The qualitative analysis presents managers' interpretations of these relationships. In the presence of weak labor institutions and poor enforcement, managers adopt contingent employment practices to retain the power to terminate employees at will, accrue benefits through regulatory arbitrage, and promote their own interests when handling conflicting intra-organizational demands.",
author = "Xiangmin Liu",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0019793914564965",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
pages = "372--397",
journal = "ILR Review",
issn = "0019-7939",
publisher = "Cornell University",
number = "2",

}

How institutional and organizational characteristics explain the growth of contingent work in China. / Liu, Xiangmin.

In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 68, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 372-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - How institutional and organizational characteristics explain the growth of contingent work in China

AU - Liu, Xiangmin

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - China's traditional model of long-term employment has been undermined by an increased reliance on nonrenewable fixed-term and temporary agency employment contracts. In this study, the author draws on survey data from 130 establishments and interviews of 48 key informants to explore the spread of contingent work. Results indicate that state-owned and unionized establishments are more likely to use contingent labor, and stringent and uncertain enforcement of labor regulations is positively associated with its use. The qualitative analysis presents managers' interpretations of these relationships. In the presence of weak labor institutions and poor enforcement, managers adopt contingent employment practices to retain the power to terminate employees at will, accrue benefits through regulatory arbitrage, and promote their own interests when handling conflicting intra-organizational demands.

AB - China's traditional model of long-term employment has been undermined by an increased reliance on nonrenewable fixed-term and temporary agency employment contracts. In this study, the author draws on survey data from 130 establishments and interviews of 48 key informants to explore the spread of contingent work. Results indicate that state-owned and unionized establishments are more likely to use contingent labor, and stringent and uncertain enforcement of labor regulations is positively associated with its use. The qualitative analysis presents managers' interpretations of these relationships. In the presence of weak labor institutions and poor enforcement, managers adopt contingent employment practices to retain the power to terminate employees at will, accrue benefits through regulatory arbitrage, and promote their own interests when handling conflicting intra-organizational demands.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924244230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924244230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0019793914564965

DO - 10.1177/0019793914564965

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924244230

VL - 68

SP - 372

EP - 397

JO - ILR Review

JF - ILR Review

SN - 0019-7939

IS - 2

ER -