How separate a sphere? Poor women and paid work in late-victorian london

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The essay traces patterns of poor women' employment in late-nineteenth-century London. It shows that employment was common among single, married and widowed women, except among mothers of young children. Unpaid domestic work and paid employment dovetailed into a constant burden of work facing poor women. This challenges the prevalent argument that married women earned wages only at moments of severe crisis in the household economy. It reveals a culture of women' work among the poor that contrasts sharply with the ideology of separate spheres that excluded middle-class women from employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-309
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Family History
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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women's employment
women's work
middle class
wife
wage
nineteenth century
ideology
economy
Late-Victorian
Victorian London
Young children
Middle Class
Excluded Middle
Women's Work
Wages
Ideology
Separate Spheres
Burden
Household Economy
Domestic Work

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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How separate a sphere? Poor women and paid work in late-victorian london. / August, Andrew Gregory.

In: Journal of Family History, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.01.1994, p. 285-309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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