Human fire legacies on ecological landscapes

Mitchell J. Power, Brian F. Codding, Alan H. Taylor, Thomas W. Swetnam, Kate E. Magargal, Douglas W. Bird, James F. O’connell

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The primacy of past human activity in triggering change in earth’s ecosystems remains a contested idea. Treating human-environmental dynamics as a dichotomous phenomenon – turning “on” or “off” at some tipping point in the past – misses the broader, longer-term, and varied role humans play in creating lasting ecological legacies. To investigate these more subtle human-environmental dynamics, we propose an interdisciplinary framework, for evaluating past and predicting future landscape change focused on human-fire legacies. Linking theory and methods from behavioral and landscape ecology, we present a coupled framework capable of explaining how and why humans make subsistence decisions and interact with environmental variation through time. We review evidence using this framework that demonstrates how human behavior can influence vegetation cover and continuity, change local disturbance regimes, and create socio-ecological systems that can dampen or even override, the environmental effects of local and regional climate. Our examples emphasize how a long-term interdisciplinary perspective provides new insights for assessing the role of humans in generating persistent landscape legacies that go unrecognized using a simple natural-versus-human driver model of environmental change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151
JournalFrontiers in Earth Science
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2018

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human behavior
behavioral ecology
landscape ecology
landscape change
subsistence
environmental effect
regional climate
vegetation cover
environmental change
human activity
disturbance
ecosystem
method
decision

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Power, M. J., Codding, B. F., Taylor, A. H., Swetnam, T. W., Magargal, K. E., Bird, D. W., & O’connell, J. F. (2018). Human fire legacies on ecological landscapes. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6, [151]. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2018.00151
Power, Mitchell J. ; Codding, Brian F. ; Taylor, Alan H. ; Swetnam, Thomas W. ; Magargal, Kate E. ; Bird, Douglas W. ; O’connell, James F. / Human fire legacies on ecological landscapes. In: Frontiers in Earth Science. 2018 ; Vol. 6.
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Power, MJ, Codding, BF, Taylor, AH, Swetnam, TW, Magargal, KE, Bird, DW & O’connell, JF 2018, 'Human fire legacies on ecological landscapes', Frontiers in Earth Science, vol. 6, 151. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2018.00151

Human fire legacies on ecological landscapes. / Power, Mitchell J.; Codding, Brian F.; Taylor, Alan H.; Swetnam, Thomas W.; Magargal, Kate E.; Bird, Douglas W.; O’connell, James F.

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, Vol. 6, 151, 13.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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