Human herpesvirus 8 genome is not found in whole bone marrow core biopsy specimens of patients with plasma cell dyscrasias

Joseph Drabick, B. J. Davis, J. H. Lichy, J. Flynn, J. C. Byrd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, molecular evidence of the gamma herpesvirus, human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), was found in the nonmalignant bone marrow stromal cells of patients with multiple myeloma using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. Other investigators have been unable to confirm either the presence of HHV-8 using molecular techniques or serologic evidence of prior infection with HHV-8. In order to maximize the likelihood of detection of small quantities of the virus and minimize the risk of potential nucleic acid contamination, we used entire bone marrow biopsy core specimens for DNA extraction and amplification. These specimens included both malignant plasma cells and bone marrow stromal cells and were subjected to minimal manipulation prior to DNA extraction and PCR. We tested eight patients with various plasma cell dyscrasias and compared them to negative controls with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma using standard PCR assays utilizing the KS330233 primers and probe for HHV-8. This assay is reproducibly positive in Kaposi's sarcoma tissue. We found no evidence of HHV-8 DNA in either the lymphoma controls or the samples from patients with the plasma cell dyscrasias using these methods. We conclude that HHV-8 is unlikely to play a major role in the pathogenesis of the plasma cell dyscrasias in the majority of patients with these diseases. This report adds to the body of evidence that HHV-8 is not associated with plasma cell dyscrasias like multiple myeloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-307
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

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Human Herpesvirus 8
Paraproteinemias
Bone Marrow
Genome
Biopsy
Multiple Myeloma
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Herpesviridae
DNA
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Plasma Cells
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Nucleic Acids
Lymphoma
Research Personnel
Viruses
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

Cite this

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title = "Human herpesvirus 8 genome is not found in whole bone marrow core biopsy specimens of patients with plasma cell dyscrasias",
abstract = "Recently, molecular evidence of the gamma herpesvirus, human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), was found in the nonmalignant bone marrow stromal cells of patients with multiple myeloma using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. Other investigators have been unable to confirm either the presence of HHV-8 using molecular techniques or serologic evidence of prior infection with HHV-8. In order to maximize the likelihood of detection of small quantities of the virus and minimize the risk of potential nucleic acid contamination, we used entire bone marrow biopsy core specimens for DNA extraction and amplification. These specimens included both malignant plasma cells and bone marrow stromal cells and were subjected to minimal manipulation prior to DNA extraction and PCR. We tested eight patients with various plasma cell dyscrasias and compared them to negative controls with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma using standard PCR assays utilizing the KS330233 primers and probe for HHV-8. This assay is reproducibly positive in Kaposi's sarcoma tissue. We found no evidence of HHV-8 DNA in either the lymphoma controls or the samples from patients with the plasma cell dyscrasias using these methods. We conclude that HHV-8 is unlikely to play a major role in the pathogenesis of the plasma cell dyscrasias in the majority of patients with these diseases. This report adds to the body of evidence that HHV-8 is not associated with plasma cell dyscrasias like multiple myeloma.",
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Human herpesvirus 8 genome is not found in whole bone marrow core biopsy specimens of patients with plasma cell dyscrasias. / Drabick, Joseph; Davis, B. J.; Lichy, J. H.; Flynn, J.; Byrd, J. C.

In: Annals of Hematology, Vol. 81, No. 6, 01.12.2002, p. 304-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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