Human Ikaros function in activated T cells is regulated by coordinated expression of its largest isoforms

Tapani Ronni, Kimberly J. Payne, Sam Ho, Michelle N. Bradley, Glenn Dorsam, Sinisa Dovat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Ikaros gene is alternately spliced to generate multiple zinc finger proteins involved in gene regulation and chromatin remodeling. Whereas murine studies have provided important information regarding the role of Ikaros in the mouse, little is known of Ikaros function in human. We report functional analyses of the two largest human Ikaros (hIK) isoforms, hIK-VI and hIK-H, in T cells. Abundant expression of hIK-H, the largest described isoform, is restricted to human hematopoietic cells. We find that the DNA binding affinity of hIK-H differs from that of hIK-VI. Co-expression of hIk-H with hIk-VI alters the ability of Ikaros complexes to bind DNA motifs found in pericentromeric heterochromatin (PC-HC). In the nucleus, hIK-VI is localized solely in PC-HC, whereas the hIK-H protein exhibits dual centromeric and noncentromeric localization. Mutational analysis defined the amino acids responsible for the distinct DNA binding ability of hIK-H, as well as the sequence required for the specific subcellular localization of this isoform. In proliferating cells, the binding of hIK-H to the upstream regulatory region of known Ikaros target genes correlates with their positive regulation by Ikaros. Results suggest that expression of hIK-H protein restricts affinity of Ikaros protein complexes toward specific PC-HC repeats. We propose a model, whereby the binding of hIK-H-deficient Ikaros complexes to the regulatory sequence of target genes would recruit these genes to the restrictive pericentromeric compartment, resulting in their repression. The presence of hIK-H in the Ikaros complex would alter its affinity for PC-HC, leading to chromatin remodeling and activation of target genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2538-2547
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2007

Fingerprint

T-cells
Protein Isoforms
Genes
T-Lymphocytes
Chromatin
Ikaros Transcription Factor
DNA
Heterochromatin
Proteins
Nucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Gene expression
Zinc
Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
Chemical activation
Amino Acids
Nucleotide Motifs
Zinc Fingers
Transcriptional Activation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Ronni, Tapani ; Payne, Kimberly J. ; Ho, Sam ; Bradley, Michelle N. ; Dorsam, Glenn ; Dovat, Sinisa. / Human Ikaros function in activated T cells is regulated by coordinated expression of its largest isoforms. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 282, No. 4. pp. 2538-2547.
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abstract = "The Ikaros gene is alternately spliced to generate multiple zinc finger proteins involved in gene regulation and chromatin remodeling. Whereas murine studies have provided important information regarding the role of Ikaros in the mouse, little is known of Ikaros function in human. We report functional analyses of the two largest human Ikaros (hIK) isoforms, hIK-VI and hIK-H, in T cells. Abundant expression of hIK-H, the largest described isoform, is restricted to human hematopoietic cells. We find that the DNA binding affinity of hIK-H differs from that of hIK-VI. Co-expression of hIk-H with hIk-VI alters the ability of Ikaros complexes to bind DNA motifs found in pericentromeric heterochromatin (PC-HC). In the nucleus, hIK-VI is localized solely in PC-HC, whereas the hIK-H protein exhibits dual centromeric and noncentromeric localization. Mutational analysis defined the amino acids responsible for the distinct DNA binding ability of hIK-H, as well as the sequence required for the specific subcellular localization of this isoform. In proliferating cells, the binding of hIK-H to the upstream regulatory region of known Ikaros target genes correlates with their positive regulation by Ikaros. Results suggest that expression of hIK-H protein restricts affinity of Ikaros protein complexes toward specific PC-HC repeats. We propose a model, whereby the binding of hIK-H-deficient Ikaros complexes to the regulatory sequence of target genes would recruit these genes to the restrictive pericentromeric compartment, resulting in their repression. The presence of hIK-H in the Ikaros complex would alter its affinity for PC-HC, leading to chromatin remodeling and activation of target genes.",
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Human Ikaros function in activated T cells is regulated by coordinated expression of its largest isoforms. / Ronni, Tapani; Payne, Kimberly J.; Ho, Sam; Bradley, Michelle N.; Dorsam, Glenn; Dovat, Sinisa.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 282, No. 4, 26.01.2007, p. 2538-2547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Human Ikaros function in activated T cells is regulated by coordinated expression of its largest isoforms

AU - Ronni, Tapani

AU - Payne, Kimberly J.

AU - Ho, Sam

AU - Bradley, Michelle N.

AU - Dorsam, Glenn

AU - Dovat, Sinisa

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N2 - The Ikaros gene is alternately spliced to generate multiple zinc finger proteins involved in gene regulation and chromatin remodeling. Whereas murine studies have provided important information regarding the role of Ikaros in the mouse, little is known of Ikaros function in human. We report functional analyses of the two largest human Ikaros (hIK) isoforms, hIK-VI and hIK-H, in T cells. Abundant expression of hIK-H, the largest described isoform, is restricted to human hematopoietic cells. We find that the DNA binding affinity of hIK-H differs from that of hIK-VI. Co-expression of hIk-H with hIk-VI alters the ability of Ikaros complexes to bind DNA motifs found in pericentromeric heterochromatin (PC-HC). In the nucleus, hIK-VI is localized solely in PC-HC, whereas the hIK-H protein exhibits dual centromeric and noncentromeric localization. Mutational analysis defined the amino acids responsible for the distinct DNA binding ability of hIK-H, as well as the sequence required for the specific subcellular localization of this isoform. In proliferating cells, the binding of hIK-H to the upstream regulatory region of known Ikaros target genes correlates with their positive regulation by Ikaros. Results suggest that expression of hIK-H protein restricts affinity of Ikaros protein complexes toward specific PC-HC repeats. We propose a model, whereby the binding of hIK-H-deficient Ikaros complexes to the regulatory sequence of target genes would recruit these genes to the restrictive pericentromeric compartment, resulting in their repression. The presence of hIK-H in the Ikaros complex would alter its affinity for PC-HC, leading to chromatin remodeling and activation of target genes.

AB - The Ikaros gene is alternately spliced to generate multiple zinc finger proteins involved in gene regulation and chromatin remodeling. Whereas murine studies have provided important information regarding the role of Ikaros in the mouse, little is known of Ikaros function in human. We report functional analyses of the two largest human Ikaros (hIK) isoforms, hIK-VI and hIK-H, in T cells. Abundant expression of hIK-H, the largest described isoform, is restricted to human hematopoietic cells. We find that the DNA binding affinity of hIK-H differs from that of hIK-VI. Co-expression of hIk-H with hIk-VI alters the ability of Ikaros complexes to bind DNA motifs found in pericentromeric heterochromatin (PC-HC). In the nucleus, hIK-VI is localized solely in PC-HC, whereas the hIK-H protein exhibits dual centromeric and noncentromeric localization. Mutational analysis defined the amino acids responsible for the distinct DNA binding ability of hIK-H, as well as the sequence required for the specific subcellular localization of this isoform. In proliferating cells, the binding of hIK-H to the upstream regulatory region of known Ikaros target genes correlates with their positive regulation by Ikaros. Results suggest that expression of hIK-H protein restricts affinity of Ikaros protein complexes toward specific PC-HC repeats. We propose a model, whereby the binding of hIK-H-deficient Ikaros complexes to the regulatory sequence of target genes would recruit these genes to the restrictive pericentromeric compartment, resulting in their repression. The presence of hIK-H in the Ikaros complex would alter its affinity for PC-HC, leading to chromatin remodeling and activation of target genes.

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