Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the first identified necessary cause of human cancers and is associated with nearly 100% of all cervical cancers. Compared to the general female populations, HIV+ women have higher prevalence and incidence of cervical HPV infections, higher risks of persistent HPV infections and subsequent cervical intraepithelial lesions, and a higher incidence of cervical cancer. Although the wide use of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved the immune function and the longevity of HIV+ women, the incidence of cervical cancer in HIV+ women has not declined. For HIV+ women who follow routine cervical cancer screenings, their incidence of cervical cancer is comparable to that in HIV-negative women. Thus, adherence to the recommended cervical cancer screening is still critical for HIV+ women to prevent cervical cancer. Prophylactic HPV vaccines may also benefit HIV+ women, but prospective studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of HPV vaccination on reducing cervical cancer incidence in HIV+ women.