The epitope for a human papillomavirus (HPV) type 6 conformation-dependent, neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) was partially mapped using HPV L1 recombinant virus-like particles (VLPs). The mAb H6.J54 is cross-reactive with the closely related HPV types 6 and 11. By making HPV-6-like amino acid substitutions in the cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) major capsid protein L1, we were able to transfer H6.J54 binding activity into a CRPV/HPV-6 hybrid L1 protein. Full binding activity was achieved with only nine amino acid changes and identified a region centred on the HPV-6 residues 49-54. This region has previously been shown to be a critical part of HPV-6 type-specific epitopes. Fine mapping of the region by scanning a series of alanine substitution mutations showed that in HPV-6 VLPs this type-common epitope overlaps HPV-6 type-specific epitopes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes