Hybrid Multiplexing (HYM) for read- and area-optimized MRAMs with separate read-write paths

Ahmedullah Aziz, Sumeet Kumar Gupta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations


    We present a hybrid multiplexing (HYM) scheme for MRAMs with separate read-write paths, employing different bit-cell selection methods during read and write based on their suitability for data sensing and switching operations. The proposed technique allows the sharing of the read access transistor among the cells belonging to the same word, leading to area savings and enhancement in distinguishability. Furthermore, by employing dummy bits in an array and setting their values according to the process corner, the spread of the read current due to global variations can be tightened. We apply our technique on MRAM with spin Hall effect-based write and show that the HYM achieves 20% to 25% area reduction along with 2.4X improvement in cell TMR, 25% to 38% lower write power, and upto 50% increase in the read disturb margin compared to the standard multiplexing. The spread of the read current reduces by 38% to 53% by employing the dummy bits.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number7438910
    Pages (from-to)473-483
    Number of pages11
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - May 2016

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Computer Science Applications
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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