Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands

Patrick Joseph Drohan, Robert P. Brooks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soils were compared among natural HGM wetland types, contrasting reference standard wetlands to disturbed wetlands of that type. These latter sites were disturbed to some extent, from stressors occurring on site, within the buffer, and/or from the surrounding landscape. As expected the soils affected by glaciation in the northeastern and northwestern corners of Pennsylvania were wetter than soils from other ecoregions, and the number and density of wetlands was higher. Soil texture was coarser where hydraulic energies were greater, such as in riverine wetlands. Disturbed wetlands tended to have finer textured soils composed of more silt and clay, suggesting that they receive inputs of eroded sediments from the surrounding landscapes. Organic matter was higher in some HGM types, such as fringing and riparian depressions where soils are more saturated or inundated. Soils data from Riparia's set of reference wetlands is available through a searchable web interface at their website. A review of the literature comparing reference wetlands to mitigation projects continues to indicate the latter are not reaching the functional performance of natural wetlands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages129-157
Number of pages29
Volume9781461455967
ISBN (Electronic)9781461455967
ISBN (Print)1461455952, 9781461455950
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Fingerprint

hydric soils
Wetlands
wetlands
Soil
wetland
soil
Riparia
fine-textured soils
ecoregion
reference standards
ecoregions
glaciation
soil texture
silt
Buffers
fluid mechanics
soil organic matter
mitigation
buffers
clay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Drohan, P. J., & Brooks, R. P. (2013). Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands. In Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice (Vol. 9781461455967, pp. 129-157). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_5
Drohan, Patrick Joseph ; Brooks, Robert P. / Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands. Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967 Springer New York, 2013. pp. 129-157
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Drohan, PJ & Brooks, RP 2013, Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands. in Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. vol. 9781461455967, Springer New York, pp. 129-157. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_5

Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands. / Drohan, Patrick Joseph; Brooks, Robert P.

Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967 Springer New York, 2013. p. 129-157.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Drohan PJ, Brooks RP. Hydric soils across Pennsylvania reference, disturbed, and mitigated wetlands. In Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967. Springer New York. 2013. p. 129-157 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_5