Hydride precipitation kinetics in Zircaloy-4 studied using synchrotron X-ray diffraction

Olivier F. Courty, Arthur T. Motta, Christopher J. Piotrowski, Jonathan D. Almer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a result of in-reactor corrosion during operation in nuclear reactors, hydrogen can enter the zirconium fuel cladding and precipitate as brittle hydride particles, which may reduce cladding ductility. Dissolved hydrogen responds to temperature gradients, resulting in transport and precipitation into cold spots so that the distribution of hydrides in the cladding is inhomogeneous. The hydrogen precipitation kinetics plays a strong role in the spatial distribution of the hydrides in the cladding. The precipitation rate is normally described as proportional to the supersaturation of hydrogen in solid solution. The proportionality constant, α2, for hydride precipitation in Zircaloy-4 is measured directly using in situ synchrotron X-Ray diffraction, at different temperatures and with three different initial hydrogen concentrations. The results validate the linear approximation of the phenomenological model and a near constant value of α2 = 4.5 × 10-4 s-1 was determined for the temperature range studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-185
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume461
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2015

Fingerprint

Synchrotrons
Hydrides
hydrides
Hydrogen
synchrotrons
X ray diffraction
Kinetics
kinetics
hydrogen
diffraction
x rays
Supersaturation
nuclear reactors
Nuclear reactors
supersaturation
ductility
Zirconium
Thermal gradients
Spatial distribution
Ductility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Courty, Olivier F. ; Motta, Arthur T. ; Piotrowski, Christopher J. ; Almer, Jonathan D. / Hydride precipitation kinetics in Zircaloy-4 studied using synchrotron X-ray diffraction. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 461. pp. 180-185.
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Hydride precipitation kinetics in Zircaloy-4 studied using synchrotron X-ray diffraction. / Courty, Olivier F.; Motta, Arthur T.; Piotrowski, Christopher J.; Almer, Jonathan D.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 461, 06.2015, p. 180-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Courty, Olivier F.

AU - Motta, Arthur T.

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AB - As a result of in-reactor corrosion during operation in nuclear reactors, hydrogen can enter the zirconium fuel cladding and precipitate as brittle hydride particles, which may reduce cladding ductility. Dissolved hydrogen responds to temperature gradients, resulting in transport and precipitation into cold spots so that the distribution of hydrides in the cladding is inhomogeneous. The hydrogen precipitation kinetics plays a strong role in the spatial distribution of the hydrides in the cladding. The precipitation rate is normally described as proportional to the supersaturation of hydrogen in solid solution. The proportionality constant, α2, for hydride precipitation in Zircaloy-4 is measured directly using in situ synchrotron X-Ray diffraction, at different temperatures and with three different initial hydrogen concentrations. The results validate the linear approximation of the phenomenological model and a near constant value of α2 = 4.5 × 10-4 s-1 was determined for the temperature range studied.

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