Hydrogen sulfide-dependent microvascular vasodilation is improved following chronic sulfhydryl-donating antihypertensive pharmacotherapy in adults with hypertension

Gabrielle A. Dillon, Anna E. Stanhewicz, Corinna Serviente, Jody L. Greaney, Lacy M. Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypertension is characterized by systemic microvascular endothelial dysfunction, in part due to a functional absence of hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation. Treatment with a sulfhydryl-donating ACE inhibitor (SH-ACE inhibitor) improves endothelial function in preclinical models of hypertension. To date, no studies have directly assessed the effects of SH-ACE-inhibitor treatment on H2S-dependent vasodilation in humans with hypertension. We hypothesized that SH-ACE-inhibitor treatment would improve H2S-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Ten adults with hypertension [1 woman and 9 men; 56 ± 9 yr; systolic blood pressure (SBP): 141 ± 8.5 mmHg; diastolic blood pressure (DBP): 90.3 ± 6 mmHg] were treated (16 wk) with the SH-ACE-inhibitor captopril. Red blood cell flux (laser-Doppler flowmetry) was measured continuously during graded intradermal microdialysis perfusion of the endothelium-dependent agonist acetylcholine (ACh; 10-10 to 10-1 M) alone (control) and in combination with an inhibitor of enzymatic H2S production [10-3 M aminooxyacetate (AOAA)] preintervention and postintervention. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC; flux/mmHg) was calculated and normalized to the site-specific maximal CVC (0.028 M sodium nitroprusside and local heat to 43oC). Area under the curve was calculated using the trapezoid method. The 16-wk SH-ACE-inhibitor treatment resulted in a reduction of blood pressure (systolic BP: 129 ± 10 mmHg; diastolic BP: 81 ± 9 mmHg, both P < 0.05). Preintervention, inhibition of H2S production had no effect on ACh-induced vasodilation (316 ± 40 control vs. 322 ± 35 AU AOAA; P = 0.82). Captopril treatment improved ACh-induced vasodilation (316 ± 40 pre vs. 399 ± 55 AU post; P = 0.04) and increased the H2S-dependent component of ACh-induced vasodilation (pre: -6.6 ± 65.1 vs. post: 90.2 ± 148.3 AU, P = 0.04). These data suggest that SH-ACE-inhibitor antihypertensive treatment improves cutaneous microvascular endothelium-dependent vasodilation in adults with hypertension, in part via H2S-dependent mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H728-H734
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume321
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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