Zeolites are microporous materials with pores and channels of molecular dimensions that find numerous applications in catalysis, separations, ion exchange, etc. However, whereas uniformity of micropore size is a most desirable and enabling characteristic for many of their uses, in certain cases, for example in reactions involving bulky molecules, it is a limitation. For this reason, synthesis of hierarchical zeolites with micro- and mesoporosity is of considerable interest as a way to control molecular traffic for improved catalytic and separation performance. Herein, we report a general synthesis route for the confined synthesis of zeolites within three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous carbon templates by conventional hydrothermal synthesis. Various zeolites, including BEA, LTA, FAU, and LTL, with three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous-imprinted structure have been synthesized by this approach. It is expected that these hierarchical zeolite materials will provide building blocks for thin-film and other syntheses and may provide a basis for quantitatively studying the mass-transfer limitation on the catalytic performance of zeolite catalysts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry