Context: Although there is evidence of metabolic risks in young women with irregular menses and androgen excess, persistence of risks after menopause is unclear. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the impact of menopause on the cardiometabolic profile in women with high androgens and a history of menstrual irregularity. Methods: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation is a longitudinal cohort study. Data from 1929womenwithout metabolic syndrome (MetS) at baseline were analyzed for incidence of MetS, self-reported stroke, and myocardial infarction. Cox hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated, adjusting for age, ethnicity, body mass, smoking, menopausal status, and study site. Results: Among MetS-free women at baseline, 497 new cases were identified during 20 249 woman- years of follow-up over 12 years. Women with hyperandrogenemia (HA) and oligomenorrhea (Oligo) developed incident cases of MetS at a comparable rate compared with their counterparts: eumenorrheic, normoandrogenic women [HR 1.4 (0.9 -2.2)], oligomenorrheic, normoandrogenic women [HR 1.3 (0.8 -2.2)], and eumenorrheic hyperandrogenic women [HR 1.2 (0.7-1.8)]. Smoking and obesity were the strongest predictors of incident MetS. There was no significant difference in incidence of self-reported stroke or MI by HA/Oligo status. Conclusions: Longitudinal evidence suggests that a history of androgen excess and menstrual irregularity is not associated with worsening of metabolic health after menopause. Our findings challenge the notion that a history of concurrent HA and Oligo reflects ongoing cardiometabolic risk in postmenopausal women.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical