I will use declarative self-talk . . . or will I? Replication, extension, and meta-analyses

Judy L. Van Raalte, Allen E. Cornelius, Elizabeth M. Mullin, Britton W. Brewer, Erika D. Van Dyke, Alicia J. Johnson, Takehiro Iwatsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of studies was conducted by Senay et al. in 2010 to replicate and extend research indicating that self-posed questions have performance benefits. Studies 1-3 compared the effects of the self-posed interrogative question ("Will I?") to declarative ("I will") and control self-talk, and found no significant group differences in motivation, perceived exertion, or performance. In Studies 4-5, interrogative, declarative, and control self-talk primes were compared, and no outcome differences were found. In Study 6, the effects of self-talk on motivation, perceived exertion, and physical performance were assessed. The self-talk groups performed better and were more motivated than the control group, but declarative and interrogative groups did not differ from each other. Finally, meta-analyses of the six studies indicated no significant differences among conditions. These results highlight the value of replication and suggest that factors other than grammatical form of self-posed questions may drive the demonstrated relationships between self-talk and performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalSport Psychologist
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

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    Van Raalte, J. L., Cornelius, A. E., Mullin, E. M., Brewer, B. W., Van Dyke, E. D., Johnson, A. J., & Iwatsuki, T. (2018). I will use declarative self-talk . . . or will I? Replication, extension, and meta-analyses. Sport Psychologist, 32(1), 16-25. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2016-0088