Background Acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) is one of the most life-threatening situations and surgical demanding procedures even today. Usually AADA develops spontaneously, but it can be related also to interventional procedures. Methods We analyzed the data of 14 patients surgically treated in our institution with catheter-induced AADA (ciAADA) during coronary angiography between January 2004 and December 2014. Data were compared with overall AADA patients in this time period (n = 288). Results Nine of the 14 patients were female. Subjects were significantly older compared to the AADA patients (69 ± 11 vs. 62 ± 11; p = 0.021). At admission, ciAADA patients were more often hemodynamically instable and mechanically ventilated. Twelve patients underwent replacement of the ascending aorta and two patients received a modified Bentall operation. Cardiopulmonary bypass time (210 ± 92 vs. 172 ± 51 min) and cross-clamp time (122 ± 63 vs. 92 ± 40 min) were significantly longer due to additional coronary artery bypass grafts in 71.4 versus 3.1% due to myocardial ischemia. Operative mortality (7.1 vs. 2.1%, p = 0.29) and 30-day mortality (50.0 vs. 10.7%, p < 0.001) were higher in the ciAADA group. Conclusion Coronary angiography-induced AADA is a rare but severe complication. Due to additional myocardial ischemia and preoperative hemodynamic instability, patients with ciAADA have adverse outcome compared to overall AADA patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine