Identification and bioassay of sex pheromone components of carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller)

Thomas Charles Baker, W. Francke, J. G. Millar, C. Löfstedt, B. Hansson, J. W. Du, P. L. Phelan, R. S. Vetter, R. Youngman, J. L. Todd

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three sex pheromone components of the carob moth were isolated and identified from the extract of female pheromone glands, using a variety of techniques including coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic recordings, coupled gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis, microozonolysis, electroantennographic assays of monounsaturated standards, wind-tunnel bioassays, and field trials. The major component was identified as (Z,E)-9,11,13-tetradecatrienal, a novel lepidopterous pheromone component structure. Two minor components, either one of which improves the upwind flight response of males when blended with the major component, were identified as (Z,E)-9,11-tetradecadienal, and (Z)-9-tetra-decenal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1973-1988
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry

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    Baker, T. C., Francke, W., Millar, J. G., Löfstedt, C., Hansson, B., Du, J. W., Phelan, P. L., Vetter, R. S., Youngman, R., & Todd, J. L. (1991). Identification and bioassay of sex pheromone components of carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 17(10), 1973-1988. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00992582