Identification and biotin receptor-mediated activity of a novel seleno-biotin compound that inhibits viability of and induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells

Asif Raza, Amandeep Singh, Shantu Amin, Julian E. Spallholz, Arun K. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of seleno-biotin analogs were synthesized and their anticancer activity and mode of action were assessed using ovarian cancer cells. Compound 2, out of the other analogs, in direct comparison to biotin alone, more effectively reduced the cell viability and induced apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines in a dose dependent manner as demonstrated by the cell viability assay, trypan blue dye exclusion assay, Annexin V/7-AAD, and Caspase 3/7 apoptosis assays. Furthermore, compound 2 showed efficacy better than 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and similar to cisplatin, in vitro; notably it was more cytotoxic to drug-resistant Hey A8 cells than cisplatin. The cytotoxicity of compound 2 was primarily mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) as demonstrated by DCFDA based ROS estimation. Biotin receptors (BR) saturation and the use of a BR negative cell line showed a significant decline in the cytotoxic ativity of the compound 2, confirming that its activity is BR-mediated. These experiments demonstrated that selenium modified biotin which contains an ester linked redox cycling selenocyanate group has the potential for human therapeutic applications against ovarian and other cancers over-expressing BR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110071
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume365
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

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