Identification and Characterization of RA-GEF-2, a Rap Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor That Serves as a Downstream Target of M-Ras

Xianlong Gao, Takaya Satoh, Yanhong Liao, Chunhua Song, Chang Deng Hu, Ken Ichi Kariya, Tohru Kataoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Ras family small GTPase Rap is regulated by an array of specific guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) in response to upstream stimuli. RA-GEF-1 was identified as a novel Rap GEF, which possesses a Ras/Rap1-associating (RA) domain. Here we report a protein closely related to RA-GEF-1, named RA-GEF-2. Like RA-GEF-1, a putative cyclic nucleotide monophosphate-binding domain, a Ras exchanger motif, a PSD-95/DlgA/ZO-1 domain, and an RA domain in addition to the GEF catalytic domain are found in RA-GEF-2. However, RA-GEF-2 displays a different tissue distribution profile from that of RA-GEF-1. RA-GEF-2 stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange of both Rap1 and Rap2, but not Ha-Ras. The RA domain of RA-GEF-2 binds to M-Ras in a GTP-dependent manner, but not to other Ras family GTPases tested, including Ha-Ras, N-Ras, Rap1A, Rap2A, R-Ras, Ra1A, Rin, Rit, and Rheb, in contrast to the RA domain of RA-GEF-1, which specifically binds to Rap1. In accordance with this, RA-GEF-2 colocalizes with activated M-Ras in the plasma membrane in COS-7 cells, suggesting a role of RA-GEF-2 in the regulation of Rap1 and Rap2, particularly in the plasma membrane. In fact, an increase in the level of the GTP-bound form of plasma membrane-located Rap1 was observed when co-expressed with RA-GEF-2 and activated M-Ras. Thus, RA-GEF-2 acts as a GEF for Rap1 and Rap2 downstream of M-Ras in the plasma membrane, whereas RA-GEF-1 exerts Rap GEF function in perinuclear compartments including the Golgi apparatus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42219-42225
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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