Cochliobolus victoriae is a necrotrophic fungus that produces a host-selective toxin called victorin. Victorin is considered to be host selective because it has been known to affect only certain allohexaploid oat cultivars containing the dominant Vb gene. Oat cultivars containing Vb are also the only genotypes susceptible to C. victoriae. Assays were developed to screen the "nonhost" plant of C. victoriae, Arabidopsis thaliana, for victorin sensitivity. Sensitivity to victorin was identified in six of 433 bulk populations of Arabidopsis. In crosses of Col-4 (victorin-insensitive) x victorin-sensitive Arabidopsis ecotypes, victorin sensitivity segregated as a single dominant locus, as it does in oats. This Arabidopsis locus was designated LOV, for locus orchestrating victorin effects. Allelism tests indicate that LOV loci are allelic or closely linked in all six victorin-sensitive ecotypes identified. LOV was localized to the north arm of Arabidopsis thaliana chromosome I. The victorin-sensitive Arabidopsis line LOV1 but not the victorin-insensitive line Col-4 was susceptible to C. victoriae infection. Consequently, the LOV gene appears to be a genetically dominant, disease susceptibility gene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science