Identification and quantification of DNA adducts in the oral tissues of mice treated with the environmental carcinogen dibenzo[ a,l ]pyrene by HPLC-MS/MS

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Abstract

Tobacco smoking is one of the leading causes for oral cancer. Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P), an environmental pollutant and a tobacco smoke constituent, is the most carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tested to date in several animal models (target organs: skin, lung, ovary, and mammary tissues). We have recently demonstrated that DB[a,l]P is also capable of inducing oral cancer in mice; however, its metabolic activation to the ultimate genotoxic metabolite dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-11,12-dihydrodiol-13,14-epoxide (DB[a,l]PDE) in mouse oral cavity has not been examined. Here we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to detect and quantify (±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts in oral tissues of mice treated with DB[a,l]P. [ 15N 5]-(±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-N 6-dA adducts were synthesized as internal standards. The stereoisomeric adducts were characterized by MS, NMR, and CD analysis. The detection limit of the method is 8 fmol with 100 μg of digested DNA as the matrix. Two adducts were detected and identified as (-)-anti-cis and (-)-anti-trans-DB[a,l]PDE-dA in the oral tissues of mice following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (240 nmol per day, for 2 days) into the oral cavity, indicating that DB[a,l]P is predominantly metabolized into (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE in this target organ. We also compared the formation and removal of adducts as a function of time, following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (24 nmol, 3 times per week for 5 weeks) into the oral cavity of mice. Adducts were quantified at 48 h, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after the last dose. Maximal levels of adducts occurred at 48 h, followed by a gradual decrease. The levels (fmol/μg DNA) of (-)-anti-trans adducts (4.03 ± 0.27 to 1.77 ± 0.25) are significantly higher than (-)-anti-cis-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adduct (1.63 ± 0.42 to 0.72 ± 0.04) at each time point (p < 0.005). The results presented here indicate that the formation and persistence of (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts may, in part, contribute to the initiation of DB[a,l]P-induced oral carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1297-1303
Number of pages7
JournalChemical research in toxicology
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2011

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Environmental Carcinogens
DNA Adducts
Tobacco
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Tissue
Mouth
Mouth Neoplasms
Environmental Pollutants
DNA
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Epoxy Compounds
Liquid chromatography
Metabolites
Smoke
Mass spectrometry
Skin
Animals
Chemical activation
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Tandem Mass Spectrometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

Cite this

@article{344c19b18048447dafa0c8012ce9f031,
title = "Identification and quantification of DNA adducts in the oral tissues of mice treated with the environmental carcinogen dibenzo[ a,l ]pyrene by HPLC-MS/MS",
abstract = "Tobacco smoking is one of the leading causes for oral cancer. Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P), an environmental pollutant and a tobacco smoke constituent, is the most carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tested to date in several animal models (target organs: skin, lung, ovary, and mammary tissues). We have recently demonstrated that DB[a,l]P is also capable of inducing oral cancer in mice; however, its metabolic activation to the ultimate genotoxic metabolite dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-11,12-dihydrodiol-13,14-epoxide (DB[a,l]PDE) in mouse oral cavity has not been examined. Here we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to detect and quantify (±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts in oral tissues of mice treated with DB[a,l]P. [ 15N 5]-(±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-N 6-dA adducts were synthesized as internal standards. The stereoisomeric adducts were characterized by MS, NMR, and CD analysis. The detection limit of the method is 8 fmol with 100 μg of digested DNA as the matrix. Two adducts were detected and identified as (-)-anti-cis and (-)-anti-trans-DB[a,l]PDE-dA in the oral tissues of mice following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (240 nmol per day, for 2 days) into the oral cavity, indicating that DB[a,l]P is predominantly metabolized into (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE in this target organ. We also compared the formation and removal of adducts as a function of time, following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (24 nmol, 3 times per week for 5 weeks) into the oral cavity of mice. Adducts were quantified at 48 h, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after the last dose. Maximal levels of adducts occurred at 48 h, followed by a gradual decrease. The levels (fmol/μg DNA) of (-)-anti-trans adducts (4.03 ± 0.27 to 1.77 ± 0.25) are significantly higher than (-)-anti-cis-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adduct (1.63 ± 0.42 to 0.72 ± 0.04) at each time point (p < 0.005). The results presented here indicate that the formation and persistence of (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts may, in part, contribute to the initiation of DB[a,l]P-induced oral carcinogenesis.",
author = "Zhang, {Shang Min} and Kun-Ming Chen and Cesar Aliaga and Yuan-Wan Sun and Lin, {Jyh ming} and Arun Sharma and Shantu Amin and Karam El-Bayoumy",
year = "2011",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/tx200188j",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "1297--1303",
journal = "Chemical Research in Toxicology",
issn = "0893-228X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification and quantification of DNA adducts in the oral tissues of mice treated with the environmental carcinogen dibenzo[ a,l ]pyrene by HPLC-MS/MS

AU - Zhang, Shang Min

AU - Chen, Kun-Ming

AU - Aliaga, Cesar

AU - Sun, Yuan-Wan

AU - Lin, Jyh ming

AU - Sharma, Arun

AU - Amin, Shantu

AU - El-Bayoumy, Karam

PY - 2011/8/15

Y1 - 2011/8/15

N2 - Tobacco smoking is one of the leading causes for oral cancer. Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P), an environmental pollutant and a tobacco smoke constituent, is the most carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tested to date in several animal models (target organs: skin, lung, ovary, and mammary tissues). We have recently demonstrated that DB[a,l]P is also capable of inducing oral cancer in mice; however, its metabolic activation to the ultimate genotoxic metabolite dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-11,12-dihydrodiol-13,14-epoxide (DB[a,l]PDE) in mouse oral cavity has not been examined. Here we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to detect and quantify (±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts in oral tissues of mice treated with DB[a,l]P. [ 15N 5]-(±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-N 6-dA adducts were synthesized as internal standards. The stereoisomeric adducts were characterized by MS, NMR, and CD analysis. The detection limit of the method is 8 fmol with 100 μg of digested DNA as the matrix. Two adducts were detected and identified as (-)-anti-cis and (-)-anti-trans-DB[a,l]PDE-dA in the oral tissues of mice following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (240 nmol per day, for 2 days) into the oral cavity, indicating that DB[a,l]P is predominantly metabolized into (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE in this target organ. We also compared the formation and removal of adducts as a function of time, following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (24 nmol, 3 times per week for 5 weeks) into the oral cavity of mice. Adducts were quantified at 48 h, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after the last dose. Maximal levels of adducts occurred at 48 h, followed by a gradual decrease. The levels (fmol/μg DNA) of (-)-anti-trans adducts (4.03 ± 0.27 to 1.77 ± 0.25) are significantly higher than (-)-anti-cis-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adduct (1.63 ± 0.42 to 0.72 ± 0.04) at each time point (p < 0.005). The results presented here indicate that the formation and persistence of (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts may, in part, contribute to the initiation of DB[a,l]P-induced oral carcinogenesis.

AB - Tobacco smoking is one of the leading causes for oral cancer. Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P), an environmental pollutant and a tobacco smoke constituent, is the most carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tested to date in several animal models (target organs: skin, lung, ovary, and mammary tissues). We have recently demonstrated that DB[a,l]P is also capable of inducing oral cancer in mice; however, its metabolic activation to the ultimate genotoxic metabolite dibenzo[a,l]pyrene-11,12-dihydrodiol-13,14-epoxide (DB[a,l]PDE) in mouse oral cavity has not been examined. Here we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to detect and quantify (±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts in oral tissues of mice treated with DB[a,l]P. [ 15N 5]-(±)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-N 6-dA adducts were synthesized as internal standards. The stereoisomeric adducts were characterized by MS, NMR, and CD analysis. The detection limit of the method is 8 fmol with 100 μg of digested DNA as the matrix. Two adducts were detected and identified as (-)-anti-cis and (-)-anti-trans-DB[a,l]PDE-dA in the oral tissues of mice following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (240 nmol per day, for 2 days) into the oral cavity, indicating that DB[a,l]P is predominantly metabolized into (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE in this target organ. We also compared the formation and removal of adducts as a function of time, following the direct application of DB[a,l]P (24 nmol, 3 times per week for 5 weeks) into the oral cavity of mice. Adducts were quantified at 48 h, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after the last dose. Maximal levels of adducts occurred at 48 h, followed by a gradual decrease. The levels (fmol/μg DNA) of (-)-anti-trans adducts (4.03 ± 0.27 to 1.77 ± 0.25) are significantly higher than (-)-anti-cis-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adduct (1.63 ± 0.42 to 0.72 ± 0.04) at each time point (p < 0.005). The results presented here indicate that the formation and persistence of (-)-anti-DB[a,l]PDE-dA adducts may, in part, contribute to the initiation of DB[a,l]P-induced oral carcinogenesis.

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U2 - 10.1021/tx200188j

DO - 10.1021/tx200188j

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1297

EP - 1303

JO - Chemical Research in Toxicology

JF - Chemical Research in Toxicology

SN - 0893-228X

IS - 8

ER -