Using molecular hybridization, ligand blotting and immunoprecipitation, our studies were designed to identify the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) produced by human breast cancer cells in culture and evaluate their regulation by estradiol (E2) and polyamines (PA). We demonstrate that the hormone-dependent MCF-7 and -independent BT-20 cell lines express the mRNA for 1GFBP-2 (1.7 kb) and secrete this BP (31 kDa) in the conditioned medium. In contrast, the hormone-independent MDA-MB-231 cell line does not express the IGFBP-2 gene, while synthesizing and secreting IGFBP-1. E2 administration (10-9 M) did not significantly influence IGFBPs secretion in MCF-7 cells. Addition of α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, 4 mM), an inhibitor of PA biosynthesis, consistently lowered IGFBP-2 mRNA in the MCF-7 and BT-20 cell lines and IGFBP-1 mRNA in MDA-MB-231 cells. Surprisingly, however, this compound either did not influence IGFBPs secretion in MCF-7 cells or actually increased their secretion in the BT-20 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. PA involvement in IGFBPs production by breast cancer cells is complex and may involve differential regulation of transcriptional and post-translational events.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology