Identification of Epstein-Barr virus genes expressed during the early phase of virus replication and during lymphocyte immortalization

Jeff Sample, Akiko Tanaka, Gerald Lancz, Meihan Nonoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcription of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome in Raji cells superinfected with P3HR-1 EBV in the presence of cycloheximide was compared to transcription in human lymphocytes infected with transforming EBV (B95-8). This was done to identify regions of the EBV genome which contain genes that may mediate initiation of virus replication. Hybridization of 32P-labeled cDNA to cloned fragments of EBV DNA (dot blot hybridization) was employed to identify transcriptionally active regions of the viral genome in these cells. DNA in the BamHI A, F, H, and M restriction fragments was found to encode poly(A) RNA during the early phase of EBV replication. In the absence of cycloheximide the earliest detectable transcripts were transcribed from the BamHI M region. The most transcriptionally active region of the EBV genome in lymphocytes following infection with EBV (B95-8) was the BamHI W-Y-H-F region and, to a lesser extent, the K region. Transcription of the BamHI M region was not detected in these cells. The data suggest that expression of a gene or genes located in the BamHI M region of the EBV genome is an important event in the initiation of EBV replication, whereas expression of the genes in the BamHI W-Y-H-F and K regions may be important in the establishment of latency and cellular immortalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalVirology
Volume139
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of Epstein-Barr virus genes expressed during the early phase of virus replication and during lymphocyte immortalization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this