The propagation of ultrasonic guided waves in cortical bone has potential to inform medical caregivers about the condition of the bone structure. However, as waveguides, human long bones such as the tibia are complex in terms of their material behavior and their geometric features. They exhibit anisotropic elasticity and internal damping. For the first time, wave propagation is modelled in the irregular hollow tibial cross-section, which varies along its long axis. Semi-analytical, frequency domain, and time domain finite element analyses providing complimentary information about long-range wave propagation characteristics in such a waveguide are applied to the mid-diaphyseal region of a human tibia. Simulating the guided waves generated by a contact transducer, the signals received in axial transmission indicate the consistent presence of low phase velocity non-dispersive propagating modes. The guided waves capable of traveling long distances have strong potential for diagnosis of fracture healing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics