Identification of Sulfate and Glucuronic Acid Conjugates of the 5-Hydroxy Derivative as Major metabolites of 2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline in Rats

Howard J. Luks, Thomas Spratt, M. Thaddeus Vavrek, Suzanne F. Roland, John H. Weisburger

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New metabolites of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo(4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), a potent mutagen and carcinogen formed during cooking of meat or fish, have been identified and quantitated in the urine and bile of rats. Administration was either by a pulse gavage dose of 40 mg/kg [2-14C]IQ or by dietary intake of 300 ppm IQ for 6 weeks. The metabolites were isolated by high-performance liquid chromatography and quantitated by radioactivity. They were then characterized by their resistance or sensitivity to hydrolytic enzymes or acid hydrolysis, by nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry, or coinjection with a synthetic sample. A minor metabolite was the IQ N-glucuronide. A major metabolite was formed by hydroxylation of IQ at the 5-position; it was present in urine and bile and was conjugated as the glucuronide or sulfate ester, which together accounted for about 40% of urinary or biliary metabolites. The unconjugated compound partially adsorbs onto the high-performance liquid chromatographic columns used. The amounts of 5-OH-IQ present as conjugates in urine or bile were similar, irrespective of mode of administration. Thus, hydroxylation of IQ on carbon 5 followed by type II conjugation reactions yields quantitatively important metabolic products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4407-4411
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1989


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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