Identifying Barriers That Hinder Onsite Parental Involvement in a School-Based Health Promotion Program

Oralia Garcia-Dominic, Linda A. Wray, Roberto P. Treviño, Arthur E. Hernandez, Zenong Yin, Jan S. Ulbrecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


We investigated whether barriers to onsite parental involvement in the Bienestar Health Program Parent Component could be identified and whether participation rates could be increased by addressing these barriers. All nonparticipating parents of fourth-grade students of San Antonio Independent School District from 4 schools, which were selected randomly from 20 intervention schools in Bienestar, were invited to take part in this study. A total of 47 of 223 (21%) parents engaged in one of four focus groups offered. Parents identified barriers to their involvement in Bienestar that fit into five descriptive categories: (a) low value, (b) high cost, (c) competing family demands, (d) concerns about the program design, and (e) social role norms. The Bienestar Parent Component was then modified according to the focus group findings, which resulted in a marked increase in parental involvement from 17% to 37% overall. These findings suggest that even when parents are involved in the initial design of parent-friendly and culturally sensitive programs, as was the case for Bienestar, maximizing parental involvement may require additional assessment, identification, and remediation of barriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-713
Number of pages11
JournalHealth promotion practice
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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