Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy

Council on Child Abuse and Neglect, Section on Child Death Review and Prevention, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

When a healthy infant dies suddenly and unexpectedly, it is critical to correctly determine if the death was caused by child abuse or neglect. Sudden unexpected infant deaths should be comprehensively investigated, ancillary tests and forensic procedures should be used to more-accurately identify the cause of death, and parents deserve to be approached in a nonaccusatory manner during the investigation. Missing a child abuse death can place other children at risk, and inappropriately approaching a sleep-related death as maltreatment can result in inappropriate criminal and protective services investigations. Communities can learn from these deaths by using multidisciplinary child death reviews. Pediatricians can support families during investigation, advocate for and support state policies that require autopsies and scene investigation, and advocate for establishing comprehensive and fully funded child death investigation and reviews at the local and state levels. Additional funding is also needed for research to advance our ability to prevent these deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20192076
JournalPediatrics
Volume144
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Aptitude
Sudden Infant Death
Cause of Death
Autopsy
Sleep
Parents
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Council on Child Abuse and Neglect, Section on Child Death Review and Prevention, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, & NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS (2019). Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy. Pediatrics, 144(3), [e20192076]. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-2076
Council on Child Abuse and Neglect ; Section on Child Death Review and Prevention ; Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome ; NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. / Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy. In: Pediatrics. 2019 ; Vol. 144, No. 3.
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Council on Child Abuse and Neglect, Section on Child Death Review and Prevention, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome & NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 2019, 'Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy', Pediatrics, vol. 144, no. 3, e20192076. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-2076

Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy. / Council on Child Abuse and Neglect; Section on Child Death Review and Prevention; Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome; NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 144, No. 3, e20192076, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Council on Child Abuse and Neglect

AU - Section on Child Death Review and Prevention

AU - Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

AU - NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS

AU - Palusci, Vincent J.

AU - Kay, Amanda J.

AU - Batra, Erich

AU - Moon, Rachel Y.

AU - Corey, Tracey S.

AU - Andrew, Thomas

AU - Graham, Michael

AU - Sirotnak, Andrew P.

AU - Flaherty, Emalee G.

AU - Gavril, Amy R.

AU - Gilmartin, Amanda Bird Hoffert

AU - Haney, Suzanne B.

AU - Idzerda, Sheila M.

AU - Laskey, Antoinette Toni

AU - Legano, Lori A.

AU - Messner, Stephen A.

AU - Mohr, Bethany Anne

AU - Moles, Rebecca L.

AU - Nienow, Shalon Marie

AU - Palusci, Vincent J.

AU - Batra, Erich

AU - Berkowitz, Carol

AU - Kay, Amanda

AU - Needelman, Howard

AU - Corden, Timothy

AU - Moon, Rachel Y.

AU - Darnall, Robert

AU - Feldman-Winter, Lori

AU - Goodstein, Michael

AU - Hauck, Fern R.

AU - Corey, Tracey S.

AU - Andrew, Thomas

AU - Graham, Michael

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N2 - When a healthy infant dies suddenly and unexpectedly, it is critical to correctly determine if the death was caused by child abuse or neglect. Sudden unexpected infant deaths should be comprehensively investigated, ancillary tests and forensic procedures should be used to more-accurately identify the cause of death, and parents deserve to be approached in a nonaccusatory manner during the investigation. Missing a child abuse death can place other children at risk, and inappropriately approaching a sleep-related death as maltreatment can result in inappropriate criminal and protective services investigations. Communities can learn from these deaths by using multidisciplinary child death reviews. Pediatricians can support families during investigation, advocate for and support state policies that require autopsies and scene investigation, and advocate for establishing comprehensive and fully funded child death investigation and reviews at the local and state levels. Additional funding is also needed for research to advance our ability to prevent these deaths.

AB - When a healthy infant dies suddenly and unexpectedly, it is critical to correctly determine if the death was caused by child abuse or neglect. Sudden unexpected infant deaths should be comprehensively investigated, ancillary tests and forensic procedures should be used to more-accurately identify the cause of death, and parents deserve to be approached in a nonaccusatory manner during the investigation. Missing a child abuse death can place other children at risk, and inappropriately approaching a sleep-related death as maltreatment can result in inappropriate criminal and protective services investigations. Communities can learn from these deaths by using multidisciplinary child death reviews. Pediatricians can support families during investigation, advocate for and support state policies that require autopsies and scene investigation, and advocate for establishing comprehensive and fully funded child death investigation and reviews at the local and state levels. Additional funding is also needed for research to advance our ability to prevent these deaths.

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Council on Child Abuse and Neglect, Section on Child Death Review and Prevention, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. Identifying child abuse fatalities during infancy. Pediatrics. 2019 Jan 1;144(3). e20192076. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-2076