Identifying risk for onset of major depressive episodes in low-income Latinas during pregnancy and postpartum

Huynh Nhu Le, Ricardo F. Muñoz, Jose Angel Soto, Kevin L. Delucchi, Chandra Ghosh Ippen

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify subgroups of pregnant women at imminent (1 year) risk for major depressive episodes. Participants were 84 low-income, predominantly Mexican women using public sector obstetrics services who participated in monthly interviews during pregnancy and up to 6 months postpartum. Participants were designated a priori as "more vulnerable" or "less vulnerable" to future perinatal depression based on evidence of mood regulation problems defined as (a) a self-reported history of major depressive episodes, (MDE) and/or (b) high current depressive symptom scores on a continuous depression scale. Two definitions of a major depressive episode based on meeting 2 or 3 DSM-IV MDE criteria, were used to measure the incidence of a new major depressive episode. Results suggest that more vulnerable groups (i.e., with the greatest mood regulation problems) had a higher incidence of major depressive episodes than less vulnerable groups. Implications for screening and developing preventive interventions for postpartum depression are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-482
Number of pages20
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language

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