Identifying the socio-demographic and clinical determinants of family functioning in Greek patients with psychosis

Katerina Koutra, Sofia Triliva, Theano Roumeliotaki, Christos Lionis, Alexandros N. Vgontzas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Studies on determinants affecting family functioning of patients with psychosis are still limited in Greece. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with family functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Crete, Greece. Methods: A total of 100 patients and their caregivers agreed to participate in the study. Family functioning was assessed in terms of cohesion, adaptability, communication and satisfaction dimensions (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV Package), expressed emotion (Family Questionnaire), family burden (Family Burden Scale) and caregivers' psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-28). Multivariate linear regression models were implemented to examine the associations between each one of the family measures and different social and clinical characteristics. Results: With regard to the caregivers' characteristics, gender, employment status, origin, residence, financial status, relation to the patient, contact with the patient and family structure were among the most significant determinants of family functioning. Also, patients' socio-demographic characteristics, including age, education, origin, residence and employment status, as well as illness-related factors, such as onset of mental illness, number of hospitalisations, last hospitalisation, longer hospitalisation and clinical diagnosis impacted intrafamilial relationships. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a number of social and clinical factors contributed to the family environment of patients with psychosis. Identifying the determinants of family functioning in psychosis is instrumental in developing understandings regarding the factors which may contribute to the rehabilitation or relapse of the patient and the support required to strengthen positive family interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-264
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2015

Fingerprint

Psychotic Disorders
Demography
Greece
Caregivers
Hospitalization
Linear Models
Expressed Emotion
Bipolar Disorder
Schizophrenia
Rehabilitation
Communication
Psychology
Education
Recurrence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{cffca15c4e514c3a96290b20c0fc711d,
title = "Identifying the socio-demographic and clinical determinants of family functioning in Greek patients with psychosis",
abstract = "Background: Studies on determinants affecting family functioning of patients with psychosis are still limited in Greece. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with family functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Crete, Greece. Methods: A total of 100 patients and their caregivers agreed to participate in the study. Family functioning was assessed in terms of cohesion, adaptability, communication and satisfaction dimensions (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV Package), expressed emotion (Family Questionnaire), family burden (Family Burden Scale) and caregivers' psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-28). Multivariate linear regression models were implemented to examine the associations between each one of the family measures and different social and clinical characteristics. Results: With regard to the caregivers' characteristics, gender, employment status, origin, residence, financial status, relation to the patient, contact with the patient and family structure were among the most significant determinants of family functioning. Also, patients' socio-demographic characteristics, including age, education, origin, residence and employment status, as well as illness-related factors, such as onset of mental illness, number of hospitalisations, last hospitalisation, longer hospitalisation and clinical diagnosis impacted intrafamilial relationships. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a number of social and clinical factors contributed to the family environment of patients with psychosis. Identifying the determinants of family functioning in psychosis is instrumental in developing understandings regarding the factors which may contribute to the rehabilitation or relapse of the patient and the support required to strengthen positive family interactions.",
author = "Katerina Koutra and Sofia Triliva and Theano Roumeliotaki and Christos Lionis and Vgontzas, {Alexandros N.}",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1177/0020764014540151",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "251--264",
journal = "International Journal of Social Psychiatry",
issn = "0020-7640",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Identifying the socio-demographic and clinical determinants of family functioning in Greek patients with psychosis. / Koutra, Katerina; Triliva, Sofia; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Lionis, Christos; Vgontzas, Alexandros N.

In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Vol. 61, No. 3, 11.05.2015, p. 251-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identifying the socio-demographic and clinical determinants of family functioning in Greek patients with psychosis

AU - Koutra, Katerina

AU - Triliva, Sofia

AU - Roumeliotaki, Theano

AU - Lionis, Christos

AU - Vgontzas, Alexandros N.

PY - 2015/5/11

Y1 - 2015/5/11

N2 - Background: Studies on determinants affecting family functioning of patients with psychosis are still limited in Greece. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with family functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Crete, Greece. Methods: A total of 100 patients and their caregivers agreed to participate in the study. Family functioning was assessed in terms of cohesion, adaptability, communication and satisfaction dimensions (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV Package), expressed emotion (Family Questionnaire), family burden (Family Burden Scale) and caregivers' psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-28). Multivariate linear regression models were implemented to examine the associations between each one of the family measures and different social and clinical characteristics. Results: With regard to the caregivers' characteristics, gender, employment status, origin, residence, financial status, relation to the patient, contact with the patient and family structure were among the most significant determinants of family functioning. Also, patients' socio-demographic characteristics, including age, education, origin, residence and employment status, as well as illness-related factors, such as onset of mental illness, number of hospitalisations, last hospitalisation, longer hospitalisation and clinical diagnosis impacted intrafamilial relationships. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a number of social and clinical factors contributed to the family environment of patients with psychosis. Identifying the determinants of family functioning in psychosis is instrumental in developing understandings regarding the factors which may contribute to the rehabilitation or relapse of the patient and the support required to strengthen positive family interactions.

AB - Background: Studies on determinants affecting family functioning of patients with psychosis are still limited in Greece. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with family functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Crete, Greece. Methods: A total of 100 patients and their caregivers agreed to participate in the study. Family functioning was assessed in terms of cohesion, adaptability, communication and satisfaction dimensions (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV Package), expressed emotion (Family Questionnaire), family burden (Family Burden Scale) and caregivers' psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-28). Multivariate linear regression models were implemented to examine the associations between each one of the family measures and different social and clinical characteristics. Results: With regard to the caregivers' characteristics, gender, employment status, origin, residence, financial status, relation to the patient, contact with the patient and family structure were among the most significant determinants of family functioning. Also, patients' socio-demographic characteristics, including age, education, origin, residence and employment status, as well as illness-related factors, such as onset of mental illness, number of hospitalisations, last hospitalisation, longer hospitalisation and clinical diagnosis impacted intrafamilial relationships. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a number of social and clinical factors contributed to the family environment of patients with psychosis. Identifying the determinants of family functioning in psychosis is instrumental in developing understandings regarding the factors which may contribute to the rehabilitation or relapse of the patient and the support required to strengthen positive family interactions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84929149385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84929149385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0020764014540151

DO - 10.1177/0020764014540151

M3 - Article

C2 - 24972747

AN - SCOPUS:84929149385

VL - 61

SP - 251

EP - 264

JO - International Journal of Social Psychiatry

JF - International Journal of Social Psychiatry

SN - 0020-7640

IS - 3

ER -