IEC-18, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line for studying epithelial permeability

Thomas Y. Ma, Daniel Hollander, Deepak Bhalla, Hanh Nguyen, Pavel Krugliak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Small intestinal epithelium is leaky and allows permeation of hydrophilic molecules of various sizes. Passively absorbed hydrophilic permeability probes have been shown to permeate across intestinal epithelium mainly through the paracellular pathways. In this study we introduce microporous filter-grown IEC-18 epithelial cells, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line, as a in vitro model of intestinal epithelium for the study of epithelial permeability. IEC-18 cells, originally derived from native rat ileal crypts, form confluent epithelium when grown on hydrated collagen-coated Millicell-CM permeable inserts (Millipore Corp., Bedford, Mass.). With scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the presence of tight junctions and desmosomes between cells and the development of microvilli at the apical surface were confirmed. Immunofluorescent labeling of ZO-1 proteins and desmoplakins verified the presence of tight-junctional proteins (ZO-1) and desmosomes in the intercellular junctions of confluent IEC-18 epithelium. The net electrical resistance of IEC-18 epithelium (28 Ω-cm2) was similar to resistance values obtained from small intestinal tissue with (50 to 100 Ω-cm2) or without (20 to 45 Ω-cm2) muscularis and serosal layers. Assessment of mannitol and dextran permeation revealed early "maturation" of paracellular pathway, with increasing restriction of permeation to both probes through day 4. Resistance across IEC-18 epithelium also reached plateau levels between 4 and 7 days. Permeability studies with various probes indicate that cross-sectional diameter rather than molecular weight of the probe is the important determinant of permeation rate. IEC-18 epithelium selectively restricted the permeation of probes proportional to probe size; permeation of larger probes such as albumin was negligible. We conclude that cultured IEC-18 epithelial cells, because of their native crypt origin, similarity in resistance to small intestinal epithelia, retention of ability to differentiate into villus-like enterocytes, and permeability characteristics, are a useful model of intestinal epithelium for the study of permeability and paracellular transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-341
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume120
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1992

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Intestinal Mucosa
Permeability
Permeation
Epithelium
Cells
Cell Line
Desmosomes
Desmoplakins
Epithelial Cells
Molecular Probes
Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy
Intercellular Junctions
Enterocytes
Tight Junctions
Mannitol
Microvilli
Dextrans
Electric Impedance
Acoustic impedance
Albumins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Ma, Thomas Y. ; Hollander, Daniel ; Bhalla, Deepak ; Nguyen, Hanh ; Krugliak, Pavel. / IEC-18, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line for studying epithelial permeability. In: The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. 1992 ; Vol. 120, No. 2. pp. 329-341.
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IEC-18, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line for studying epithelial permeability. / Ma, Thomas Y.; Hollander, Daniel; Bhalla, Deepak; Nguyen, Hanh; Krugliak, Pavel.

In: The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, Vol. 120, No. 2, 08.1992, p. 329-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Small intestinal epithelium is leaky and allows permeation of hydrophilic molecules of various sizes. Passively absorbed hydrophilic permeability probes have been shown to permeate across intestinal epithelium mainly through the paracellular pathways. In this study we introduce microporous filter-grown IEC-18 epithelial cells, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line, as a in vitro model of intestinal epithelium for the study of epithelial permeability. IEC-18 cells, originally derived from native rat ileal crypts, form confluent epithelium when grown on hydrated collagen-coated Millicell-CM permeable inserts (Millipore Corp., Bedford, Mass.). With scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the presence of tight junctions and desmosomes between cells and the development of microvilli at the apical surface were confirmed. Immunofluorescent labeling of ZO-1 proteins and desmoplakins verified the presence of tight-junctional proteins (ZO-1) and desmosomes in the intercellular junctions of confluent IEC-18 epithelium. The net electrical resistance of IEC-18 epithelium (28 Ω-cm2) was similar to resistance values obtained from small intestinal tissue with (50 to 100 Ω-cm2) or without (20 to 45 Ω-cm2) muscularis and serosal layers. Assessment of mannitol and dextran permeation revealed early "maturation" of paracellular pathway, with increasing restriction of permeation to both probes through day 4. Resistance across IEC-18 epithelium also reached plateau levels between 4 and 7 days. Permeability studies with various probes indicate that cross-sectional diameter rather than molecular weight of the probe is the important determinant of permeation rate. IEC-18 epithelium selectively restricted the permeation of probes proportional to probe size; permeation of larger probes such as albumin was negligible. We conclude that cultured IEC-18 epithelial cells, because of their native crypt origin, similarity in resistance to small intestinal epithelia, retention of ability to differentiate into villus-like enterocytes, and permeability characteristics, are a useful model of intestinal epithelium for the study of permeability and paracellular transport.

AB - Small intestinal epithelium is leaky and allows permeation of hydrophilic molecules of various sizes. Passively absorbed hydrophilic permeability probes have been shown to permeate across intestinal epithelium mainly through the paracellular pathways. In this study we introduce microporous filter-grown IEC-18 epithelial cells, a nontransformed small intestinal cell line, as a in vitro model of intestinal epithelium for the study of epithelial permeability. IEC-18 cells, originally derived from native rat ileal crypts, form confluent epithelium when grown on hydrated collagen-coated Millicell-CM permeable inserts (Millipore Corp., Bedford, Mass.). With scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the presence of tight junctions and desmosomes between cells and the development of microvilli at the apical surface were confirmed. Immunofluorescent labeling of ZO-1 proteins and desmoplakins verified the presence of tight-junctional proteins (ZO-1) and desmosomes in the intercellular junctions of confluent IEC-18 epithelium. The net electrical resistance of IEC-18 epithelium (28 Ω-cm2) was similar to resistance values obtained from small intestinal tissue with (50 to 100 Ω-cm2) or without (20 to 45 Ω-cm2) muscularis and serosal layers. Assessment of mannitol and dextran permeation revealed early "maturation" of paracellular pathway, with increasing restriction of permeation to both probes through day 4. Resistance across IEC-18 epithelium also reached plateau levels between 4 and 7 days. Permeability studies with various probes indicate that cross-sectional diameter rather than molecular weight of the probe is the important determinant of permeation rate. IEC-18 epithelium selectively restricted the permeation of probes proportional to probe size; permeation of larger probes such as albumin was negligible. We conclude that cultured IEC-18 epithelial cells, because of their native crypt origin, similarity in resistance to small intestinal epithelia, retention of ability to differentiate into villus-like enterocytes, and permeability characteristics, are a useful model of intestinal epithelium for the study of permeability and paracellular transport.

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