If you plan, then you can: How reflection helps defensive pessimists pursue their goals

Karen Gasper, Regina Hassel Lozinski, Lavonia Smith Lebeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research examines how the two propensities that underlie defensive pessimism (pessimism and reflection) operate independently to influence the defensive pessimistic process. It investigates the hypothesis that the propensity to reflect, or plan, counteracts the detrimental effects of pessimism by encouraging not only planning, but also the pursuit of those plans. Consistent with these predictions, two studies revealed that the propensity to reflect helped defensive pessimists pursue their plans by (a) increasing goal importance, (b) promoting effort, (c) raising initial expectations, and (d) buffering the anticipated sting of failure. Pessimism hindered performance by increasing anxiety and lowering expectations. Thus, the propensity to reflect counteracts pessimism by not only promoting planning, but also processes that help the pursuit of those plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-216
Number of pages14
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

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Bites and Stings
Anxiety
Pessimism
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

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If you plan, then you can : How reflection helps defensive pessimists pursue their goals. / Gasper, Karen; Lozinski, Regina Hassel; Lebeau, Lavonia Smith.

In: Motivation and Emotion, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.06.2009, p. 203-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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