The purpose of the present study was to determine whether insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I would increase whole body and muscle glucose uptake in septic rats that are known to be insulin resistant. Animals were infused with either saline, low-dose IGF-I, high-dose IGF-I, or a maximally stimulating dose of insulin for 2 h, and the glucose metabolic response was assessed using a euglycemic clamp in combination with [3-3H]glucose. Under basal conditions, sepsis increased the rates of whole body glucose uptake, glycolysis, and hepatic glucose production. Under euglycemic hyperinsulinemic conditions, septic rats demonstrated a marked insulin resistance as evidenced by the impaired rate of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and muscle glycogen synthesis. In contrast, the infusion of either dose of IGF-I increased total glucose uptake, glycolysis, and glycogen synthesis in both control and septic rats to the same extent. Furthermore, there was no difference in the IGF-I stimulation of glucose uptake (as determined by [14C]-2-deoxyglucose) in the gastrocnemius, soleus, and heart between control and septic rats. These results indicate that the glucose metabolic response to IGF-I is intact in insulin-resistant septic rats.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine