The present study evaluated the ability of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) complexed with IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) to modulate the sepsis-induced inhibition of protein synthesis in gastrocnemius. Beginning 16 h after the induction of sepsis, either the binary complex or saline was injected twice daily via a tail vein, with measurements made 3 and 5 days later. By day 3, sepsis had reduced plasma IGF-I concentrations ~50% in saline-treated rats. Administration of the binary complex provided exogenous IGF-I to compensate for the sepsis-induced diminished plasma IGF-I. Sepsis decreased rates of protein synthesis in gastrocnemius relative to controls by limiting translational efficiency. Treatment of septic rats with the binary complex for 5 days attenuated the sepsis-induced inhibition of protein synthesis and restored translational efficiency to control values. Assessment of potential mechanisms regulating translational efficiency showed that neither the sepsis-induced change in gastrocnemius content of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B), the amount of eIF4E associated with 4E binding protein-1 (4E-BP1), nor the phosphorylation state of 4E-BP1 or eIF4E were altered by the binary complex. Overall, the results are consistent with the hypothesis that decreases in plasma IGF-I are partially responsible for enhanced muscle catabolism during sepsis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||5 42-5|
|State||Published - Dec 12 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)