Interleukin-6 (IL-6) via trans-signaling pathway plays a role in modifying muscle sensory nerve-exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in rats with ligated femoral arteries, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. It is known that voltage-gated potassium channel subfamily member Kv4 channels contribute to the excitabilities of sensory neurons and neuronal signaling transduction. Thus, in this study, we determined that 1) IL-6 regulates the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in rats with peripheral artery disease (PAD) induced by femoral artery ligation and 2) Kv4 channels in muscle dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons are engaged in the role played by IL-6 trans-signaling pathway. We found that the protein levels of IL-6 and its receptor IL-6R expression were increased in the DRGs of PAD rats with 3-day of femoral artery occlusion. Inhibition of muscle afferents’ IL-6 trans-signaling pathway (gp130) by intra-arterial administration of SC144, a gp130 inhibitor, into the hindlimb muscles of PAD rats alleviated blood pressure response to static muscle contraction. On the other hand, we found that 3-day femoral occlusion decreased amplitude of Kv4 currents in rat muscle DRG neurons. The homo IL-6/IL-6Rα fusion protein (H. IL-6/6Rα), but not IL-6 alone significantly inhibited Kv4 currents in muscle DRG neurons; and the effect of H. IL-6/6Rα was largely reverted by SC144. In conclusion, our data suggest that via trans-signaling pathway upregulated IL-6 in muscle afferent nerves by ischemic hindlimb muscles inhibits the activity of Kv4 channels and thus likely leads to adjustments of the exercise pressor reflex in PAD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)