Neurologic injury arises from treatment of central nervous system malignancies as result of direct toxic effects or indirect vascular, autoimmune, or infectious effects. Multimodality treatment may potentiate both therapeutic and toxic effects. Symptoms range from mild to severe and permanent. Injuries can be immediate or delayed. Many early complications are nonspecific. Other early and delayed neurologic injuries, such as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, dural sinus thrombosis, infarctions, myelopathy, leukoencephalopathy, and hypophysitis, have unique imaging features. This article reviews treatment options for neurologic malignancies and common and uncommon neurologic injuries that can result from treatment, focusing on radiologic features.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging