The spleen plays an instrumental role in the immunological homeostasis in the body, particularly in young patients. Infectious involvement of the spleen can be primary or secondary to a manifestation of systemic disease. Imaging plays a crucial role in evaluation of diseases of the spleen in children. In this review, we describe current imaging techniques and the multimodality imaging findings of common and atypical infections affecting the spleen with an emphasis on US and MRI. In addition, conditions that mimic infection will be discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging