Immobilization of Pb2+, Cd2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions using calcite and aragonite

Michihiro Miyake, Sridhar Komarneni, Rustum Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The uptake of Pb2+, Cd2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions by calcite and aragonite were investigated in detail at room temperature using the batch method. The reactions of strontianite and witherite with the heavy metal ions were also examined in order to clarify their selectivity on different carbonate compounds. The Pb2+ ions were fixed as cerussite by both calcite and aragonite. Although Cd2+ ions reacted with aragonite to form otavite, Cd2+ did not react with calcite. The reactions of calcite and aragonite with Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions was very sluggish and yielded strontianite and witherite, respectively. The orders of the selectivity of the heavy metal ions for carbonate compounds were determined to be as follows: rmPb2+ > Sr2+ > Ba2+ >> Cd2+ for calcite; Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Sr2+ > Ba2+ for aragonite; Cd2+ >Pb2+ > Ba2+ for strontianite; Pb2+ >Cd2+ > Sr2+ for witherite. The immobilization of the heavy metal ions using carbonate compounds proceeded by dissolution and recrystallization mechanism rather than by a topotactic reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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Calcium Carbonate
Calcite
Ions
Heavy ions
Heavy metals
Metal ions
Carbonates
Heavy Metals
Dissolution
Crystallization
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The uptake of Pb2+, Cd2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions by calcite and aragonite were investigated in detail at room temperature using the batch method. The reactions of strontianite and witherite with the heavy metal ions were also examined in order to clarify their selectivity on different carbonate compounds. The Pb2+ ions were fixed as cerussite by both calcite and aragonite. Although Cd2+ ions reacted with aragonite to form otavite, Cd2+ did not react with calcite. The reactions of calcite and aragonite with Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions was very sluggish and yielded strontianite and witherite, respectively. The orders of the selectivity of the heavy metal ions for carbonate compounds were determined to be as follows: rmPb2+ > Sr2+ > Ba2+ >> Cd2+ for calcite; Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Sr2+ > Ba2+ for aragonite; Cd2+ >Pb2+ > Ba2+ for strontianite; Pb2+ >Cd2+ > Sr2+ for witherite. The immobilization of the heavy metal ions using carbonate compounds proceeded by dissolution and recrystallization mechanism rather than by a topotactic reaction.",
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Immobilization of Pb2+, Cd2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ ions using calcite and aragonite. / Miyake, Michihiro; Komarneni, Sridhar; Roy, Rustum.

In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.01.1988, p. 485-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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