Immunization against IGF-I prevents increases in protein synthesis in diabetic rats after resistance exercise

Mark J. Fedele, Charles H. Lang, Peter A. Farrell

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Abstract

These studies examined whether passive immunization against insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) would prevent increases in rates of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle of diabetic rats after resistance exercise. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pancreatectomized and randomly assigned to either an exercise or a sedentary group. Animals in each of these groups received either an IGF-I antibody or a nonspecific IgG from a subcutaneous osmotic pump. Exercise did not change plasma or gastrocnemius IGF-I concentrations in nondiabetic rats. However, plasma and muscle IGF-I concentrations were higher in IgG-treated diabetic rats that exercised compared with respective sedentary groups (P < 0.05). Passively immunized diabetic rats did not exhibit the same exercise-induced increase in IGF-I concentrations. In nondiabetic rats, protein synthesis rates were higher after exercise in both control and immunized groups. In diabetic rats, exercise increased protein synthesis in the IgG-treated animals but not in those treated with IGF-I antibody. There was also a significant positive correlation between both plasma and gastrocnemius IGF-I concentrations and rates of protein synthesis in diabetic (P < 0.01), but not nondiabetic, rats. These results suggest that IGF-I is compensatory for insulin in hypoinsulinemic rats by facilitating an anabolic response after acute resistance exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume280
Issue number6 43-6
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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